Biosynthesis, Environmentally Friendly Synthesis Using Plants, Bacteria, and Fungi to Produce Nanocomposites and as Antibiotics and Reduce Wastewater Pollution (Part One (


Karrar hazim Salim , Pharmacy Department, Al-Mustaqbal University College, Iraq; Zahraa F Khudair , Pharmacy Department, Al-Mustaqbal University College, Iraq; Iman K. Kadhim, Pharmacy Department, Al-Mustaqbal University College, Iraq; Mayada Ahmed Abass , Pharmacy Department, Al-Mustaqbal University College, Iraq; Lidia Mohamed, Al-Zahrawi University College/ Department of Medical lab-Technology; Fatima Hiader Kutham , Pharmacy Department, Al-Mustaqbal University College, Iraq; Zainab Ahmed Abass, Optics Techniques Department, Al-Mustaqbal University College, Iraq; Muntadher Rafil Hashim, Al-Zahrawi University College Department of Pharmacy; Faris J. Alyasiri, Islamic Azad University Science and Research Branch ; Heba Haded Rashed, Medical Laboratories techniques Department, Al-Mustaqbal University College, Iraq


Nanotechnology, green, synthesis, sustainability, process, advance


Nanotechnology today is moving from one visionary paradigm towards another. Green synthesis and green nanotechnology are a totally integral part of the domain of sustainable nanotechnology. According to the Brundtland Commission Report, sustainability can be defined as that development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs. Humankind’s immense scientific prowess, scientific advancements and futuristic vision will all lead to a long and visionary way towards the true realization of sustainable development. The challenges, vision, and intricacies of scientific endeavors in green nanotechnology are opening new windows of innovation in nanoscience and nanotechnology. Nanotechnology for green innovation—green nanotechnology—aims for products and processes that are safe, energy efficient, reduce industrial wastes and lessen greenhouse gas emission. This chapter delves deep into the murky depths of scientific vision and scientific innovation in green synthesis and green nanotechnology. Green nanotechnology veritably and addresses global water shortage and drinking water issues. The authors repeatedly address the issue of drinking water provision and heavy metals and arsenic groundwater contamination. Other areas of scientific endeavors are nanotechnology-based water treatment problems, better and more efficient renewable energy technologies, environmental and waste remediation, and the application of nanotechnology in sustainable production. This chapter targets the wide and visionary domain of environmental sustainability and its vital and pivotal need in a nation’s growth.



August 20, 2022