Proceedings of International Seminar Political Parties and Democracy
Keywords:Democracy, Party Ideology, Strategic Leadership, Political Culture
Political parties play an important role in promoting world peace and justice. This means that political parties must have geopolitical insight as Soekarno's view. To fulfil this role, political parties need to be institutionalized. This paper intends to analyze several dimensions of institutionalization of political parties, namely: leadership, ideology, culture, and organizational transformation. In this context, the author only focuses on the dimensions of ideology and leadership. To analyze the two dimensions of the institutionalization of political parties, this paper methodologically relies on a critical
paradigm and uses a mixed-method. The research time is one month, which is carried out from 1-30 June 2022. The data collection technique uses a literature review (library research) and surveys with a total of 1,538 respondents and 1522 respondents who were successfully interviewed spread over 81 districts/cities, 34 provinces. The results show: first, ideology in the context of democratization is a beacon of political parties. Ideology becomes a political stance for each party to discuss and debate matters of state life. In a democratic system, ideology comes down to manifestos and programs that help society. In the context of public cognition, the ideology of political parties becomes an important parameter to see the vision, foundation, commitment, and consistency of a party which in turn has implications for the realization of democratic ideals. The community's favorable assessment of the ideology of nine political parties, the highest was obtained by PDIP with a score of 12.7%. Second, strategic leadership as a step towards organizational transformation. In this context, political parties are expected to be able to project the future, prosperity, peace, uphold the rule of law and science and technology. According to public cognition, the best political party organizational transformation, 13.3% is occupied by PDIP.
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