Novateur Publication <p>Novateur Publication has presence in the areas of publication of online journals and books since 2014. We have served more than 5000 authors over the world.</p> en-US Novateur Publication <p>Publications on this website are liscenced under</p> <p><a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 4.0 International License</a></p> Design and Implementation of CNC Machine for Printed Circuit Board <p>Printed Circuit Board (PCB) Mill is a device that etches out a pattern on a copper clad board such that it makes a PCB. PCBs are used everywhere in the field of electrical engineering to connect electrical components to one another. This research book presents the design and implementation of low-cost mini-PCB commuter numerical control machine based on microcontroller. A stepper motors were used to compile the movement of the three axes coordinates. Moreover, the generated Gerber file was analyzed using MATLAB platform where the analyzed file is converted to C-code and transmitted to the milling and drilling machine through the serial communication port using RS232 protocol. In addition, a path planning technique based on sorting drilling algorithm was also proposed. The simulated and implemented results were coincided.&nbsp;</p> Mohammed S. Salman 1, Tahreer Mahmood 2, Zuhair Sameen Shuker 3 Copyright (c) 2022 Mohammed S. Salman 1, Tahreer Mahmood 2, Zuhair Sameen Shuker 3 2022-11-30 2022-11-30 Biosynthesis, environmentally friendly synthesis using plants, bacteria, and fungi to produce nanocomposites and as antibiotics and reduce wastewater pollution (Part two) <p>Recent developments have led to more advanced methods for diagnosing, treating, and preventing a variety of diseases in various spheres of human life. important and fascinating nanomaterials among the metallic nanoparticles used in various biomedical applications are silver (AgNP) diverse plant components and microbial species have been used as possible agents in the synthesis of silver nanoparticles. These AgNPs are commonly used because the nanoscale is very small because of their unique chemical characteristics, morphological characteristics, and orientation. It has been claimed that these characteristics have an impact on the functionality of any other material that interacts with these tiny nanoscale particles. Additionally, AgNPs can be physiologically produced using straightforward chemical, physical, and biological methods. Furthermore, Due to many developed nations' improved receptivity to environmentally benign technology for quantifiable synthesis, the biosynthesis of AgNPs has expanded significantly. The biological strategy, however, is the one that is most frequently employed in preparation since it is less time-consuming, environmentally friendly, non-toxic, and expensive than other approaches. Additionally, the importance of AgNPs is extensively examined based, such as their use, as well as the mechanism of how they work to fight cancer.</p> Tiba ibrahim 1, Luma Hakim Ali 2, Wisam Aqeel Muslim 3, Zaid Hamza 4, Rusul Abbas Abdul Ameer 5, Karrar Hazim Salim 6, Zahraa Falah Khudair 7 Copyright (c) 2022 Tiba ibrahim 1, Luma Hakim Ali 2, Wisam Aqeel Muslim 3, Zaid Hamza 4, Rusul Abbas Abdul Ameer 5, Karrar Hazim Salim 6, Zahraa Falah Khudair 7 2022-11-29 2022-11-29 PAPR Reduction of OFDM System by Convert In-Band Signals Distortion to Impulse Noise (Error) <p>OFDM systems suffer from the problem of high peak to average power ratio (PAPR). Amplitude clipping is one of the most techniques used to reduce PAPR, this technique does not demand side information; therefore, no reduction in the system’s data throughput. However, it leads to additional distortion (in-band signal distortion and out-of-band radiation). To overcome this problem, low complexity non-distortion clipping technique is proposed for OFDM system, the main concepts of this proposed method is how to convert the generated distortion (in-band and out-of-band signals distortion) when using clipping at transmitter to impulse noise (error) which is possible easily be covered by using a simple coding technique to cover error at the receiver. the proposed method does not clipping the signal in time domain, the clipping use for discrete samples directly after IFFT. Simulation outcome detect that the proposed non-distortion clipping technique provides an efficient reduction in PAPR, best performance compared with conventional clipping technique, and less cost and complexity.</p> Khalid Awaad Humood Qahtan Khalaf Omran Hayder Khaleel AL-Qaysi Tahreer Mahmood Copyright (c) 2022 Khalid Awaad Humood, Qahtan Khalaf Omran, Hayder Khaleel AL-Qaysi, Tahreer Mahmood 2022-11-28 2022-11-28 MINIMIZE THE ENERGY CONSUMPTION OF MOBILE SPECTRUM SENSING FOR COGNITIVE RADIO <p>Cognitive radio is a low-cost communication system, which can choose the available frequencies and waveforms automatically on the premise of avoiding interfering the licensed users. The spectrum sensing is the key enabling technology in cognitive radio networks. It is able to fill voids in the wireless spectrum and can dramatically increase spectral efficiency.<br>In this book, we will know the techniques to minimize the energy consumption and we will use MATLAB to simulate the received signals from the cognitive radio networks and an energy detector to detect whether the spectrum is being used. The project also compares the theoretical value and the simulated result and then describes the relationship between the signal to noise ratio (SNR) and the detections, and the result will show that with the increasing of the SNR (from 10 dB to 0) the detections we get also increased and within 7 dB and 5 dB, the increasing slope is the largest. So, the SNR influences the detections. It indicates that with the increasing of the SNR, the more spectrums which are occupied we can detect. At last, we will be talking about the future work.</p> Tahreer Mahmood Hanan Badeea Ahmed Adham Hadi Saleh Enas D. Hassan Mohammed Taha Qasim Copyright (c) 2022 Tahreer Mahmood, Hanan Badeea Ahmed, Adham Hadi Saleh , Enas D. Hassan, Mohammed Taha Qasim 2022-11-24 2022-11-24 EMOTIONAL CONCEPTS IN THE RUSSIAN AND GEORGIAN LANGUAGES <p>The monograph is devoted to the contrastive and comparative study of emotional concept spheres based on the concepts of "love", "joy", "shame", "fear", "sadness", "hatred", "envy/jealousy", "laughter", in their verbal expression in Russian and Georgian language pictures of the world.</p> Tsertsvadze M.G. Kukhalashvili M.N. Copyright (c) 2022 Tsertsvadze M.G., Kukhalashvili M.N. 2022-11-24 2022-11-24 JUSTIFICATION OF PARAMETERS AND MODES OF MACHINE OPERATION FOR POST-HARVEST CLEANING OF DESERT SEEDS FORAGE PLANTS (IZEN) <p>The monograph on the topic "Substantiation of the parameters and modes of operation of the machine for post-harvest cleaning of seeds of desert fodder plants (yen)" is designed for undergraduate and graduate students.</p> KUIBAKOV BAKHODIR BAYDULLAEVICH Copyright (c) 2022 KUIBAKOV BAKHODIR BAYDULLAEVICH 2022-11-24 2022-11-24 ECONOMIC EFFICIENCY PRODUCTION OF PHOSPHORUS-CONTAINING FERTILIZER IN UZBEKISTAN <p>The monograph is devoted to the development of organizational and economic management mechanism of a higher educational institution in modern conditions, with on the one hand, and an organization engaged in commercial activities - with another. Improvement and organization of production, improvement organizational and legal structure, localization of production, effective formation of the management structure, improvement of technology. AT<br>monographs present generalized literary and authors' data on development of scientific achievements in the field of production intensification with using local phosphate raw materials.</p> Mamadalieva Nozima Ashurovna Copyright (c) 2022 Mamadalieva Nozima Ashurovna 2022-11-24 2022-11-24 INTERACTION OF FOUNDATIONS ON GROUNDS INCLUDING WATER SATURATED LOSES <p>The monograph is intended for bachelors and masters of higher education educational institutions, as well as design engineers.</p> Khashim Artikbayevich Riskulov Copyright (c) 2022 Khashim Artikbayevich Riskulov 2022-11-24 2022-11-24 Empowering Global Public Health Professionals to Collaborate, Innovate and Help to Shape the Future of Global Public Health <p>Adolescents who are healthy and qualified are a serious concern for parents, education practitioners, and students. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), adolescents start from the age of 10-19 years. Adolescents have special nutritional needs balanced intake of nutrients according to the needs of adolescents will help adolescents achieve optimal growth and development. Food is one of the basic needs of every human being. Food contains the nutrients needed to grow and develop. Consuming sufficient and regular food will make a healthy body and brilliant performance, a fit body, and quality human resources.</p> Ratna Indriawati Copyright (c) 2022 Ratna Indriawati 2022-11-18 2022-11-18 INCREASING THE EFFICIENCY OF INCLUSIVE EDUCATION ON THE BASE OF EDUCATIONAL CLUSTER <p>In this monograph, the specific goal of introducing inclusive education on the basis of an educational cluster is to identify and ensure the use of effective factors in the education of students with disabilities who study in inclusive elementary classes in general education schools on the basis of equal rights among other healthy children. and ensuring the participation of community activists in properly conveying the essence to families with children with disabilities, the stages of the proper organization of the cooperation of responsible specialists in educational institutions with students and their parents are analyzed and put into practice done</p> IBADULLAYEVA SHAROFAT NURULLAYEVNA Copyright (c) 2022 IBADULLAYEVA SHAROFAT NURULLAYEVNA 2022-11-17 2022-11-17 IN CORRECTION EXERCISES SPOKEN SPEECH OF HEARING IMPAIRED CHILDREN THROUGH PHONETIC RHYTHM DEVELOPMENT <p>In this monograph, the unique characteristics of the oral speech of students with hearing impairments of grades 0-1 are analyzed from a scientific theoretical point of view, and the methodology of experimental study of the role of the special method of phonetic rhythms in the development of their oral speech is given.</p> G. S. ABDULLAYEVA O. S. ISHMATOVA Copyright (c) 2022 G. S. ABDULLAYEVA, O. S. ISHMATOVA 2022-11-17 2022-11-17 Social Pedagogical and Psychological Factors of Providing Life Safety of Students In The Conditions of Inclusive Education <p>In this monograph, creating the theoretical basis for improving the practice of ensuring the safety of students with disabilities studying in inclusive general education schools, students with disabilities, teachers, parents, pedagogic staff of preschool educational institutions, and interested and the purposeful operation of responsible organizations, the formation of a pedagogical cluster environment with effective cooperation, the formation of a continuous vital, scientific, innovative project that helps to increase the effectiveness of preparing students with disabilities for safe life activities, a worldview oriented to safe life activities, pedagogical, ethical, psychological , legal, technical and physical training issues were analyzed and covered based on a comprehensive approach.<br>The monograph is intended for professors and teachers of pedagogic higher educational institutions, doctoral students, masters, students, trainees of professional development courses, teachers and educators working in public education and preschool education organizations, as well as parents raising children with disabilities. intended for mothers.</p> KOBILOVA SHAXNOZA XUDAYSHUKUROVNA Copyright (c) 2022 KOBILOVA SHAXNOZA XUDAYSHUKUROVNA 2022-11-14 2022-11-14 RECTANGULAR SYSTEMS IN COMPLEX TREATMENT OF PERIODONTITIS MEDIUM AND HARD <p>In this monograph, creating the theoretical basis for improving the practice of ensuring the safety of students with disabilities studying in inclusive general education schools, students with disabilities, teachers, parents, pedagogic staff of preschool educational institutions, and interested and the purposeful operation of responsible organizations, the formation of a pedagogical cluster environment with effective cooperation, the formation of a continuous vital, scientific, innovative project that helps to increase the effectiveness of preparing students with disabilities for safe life activities, a worldview oriented to safe life activities, pedagogical, ethical, psychological , legal, technical and physical training issues were analyzed and covered based on a comprehensive approach.<br>The monograph is intended for professors and teachers of pedagogic higher educational institutions, doctoral students, masters, students, trainees of professional development courses, teachers and educators working in public education and preschool education organizations, as well as parents raising children with disabilities. intended for mothers....</p> Alieva N.M. Copyright (c) 2022 Alieva N.M. 2022-11-14 2022-11-14 DEVELOPMENT OF COGNITIVE PROCESSES OF PRIMARY CLASS STUDENTS IN EDUCATIONAL CLUSTER ENVIRONMENT.pdf <p>This monograph is intended to provide support for general secondary education and upbringing of children with various disabilities in physical or mental development who study in the primary class in the environment of the educational cluster, taking into account their cognitive abilities. to organize the activities of educational, correctional and treatment-rehabilitation institutions, to create the necessary conditions for this, to support their social adaptation and integration into society, as well as to help families in need of social assistance in raising and educating their children 'does display.<br>This monograph is intended for students of bachelor's and master's degrees of higher educational institutions of pedagogy, as well as pedagogic staff working in general secondary education, organizations that carry out professional development and retraining of pedagogic personnel.</p> DEHQANOVA MUBORAKXON G’IYOSIDDIN QIZI Copyright (c) 2022 DEHQANOVA MUBORAKXON G’IYOSIDDIN QIZI 2022-11-14 2022-11-14 FEATURES OF FORMATION OF CIVIL SOCIETY IN UZBEKISTAN VAFAEVA DZHAMILYA BAKIEVNA MAHMUDOVA AZIZA NUGMANOVNA Copyright (c) 2022 VAFAEVA DZHAMILYA BAKIEVNA, MAHMUDOVA AZIZA NUGMANOVNA 2022-11-07 2022-11-07 IMPROVING THE PROFESSIONAL COMPETENCIES OF STUDENTS OF A DIFFERENT MILITARY EDUCATIONAL DIRECTION IN THE INFORMATION AND EDUCATIONAL ENVIRONMENT <p>In this dissertation, special attention is paid to the complex tasks that ensure high - quality education for the preparation of modern personnel before the educational system of rapid changes caused by the development of information technologies in the world. Basically, in the information and educational environment, information is given on improving the professional competencies of students of various military Educational Directions, and based on their analysis, this dissertation is written with reference. The world is aimed at developing high-tech, educational competencies using modern information technologies in the field of Education.<br>World Information Technology, modern training of Personnel, non-military education, professional competencies, high-quality education, technological competencies, educational competence, Information, Youth Education, Social Competence, electronic education platforms, innovation, interactive methods</p> KHASANOV MUZAFAR SADIKOVICH Copyright (c) 2022 KHASANOV MUZAFAR SADIKOVICH 2022-10-23 2022-10-23 Publication Literacy of Lecturers in the MBKM Era <p>According to &nbsp;(Maryani, 2009) the main problem of geography education is the meaninglessness of education in geography subjects at school. The problem is because the teaching materials used today are very limited and not contextual so that it has an impact on the limitations of freedom in learning in the sense of freedom in exploring learning materials so that there is a need for innovation so that geography learning is more meaningful. Learning innovation can be in the form of development efforts by transforming the surrounding environment that has the potential to become a source of learning and geography teaching materials so as to create a meaningful geography learning supplement.</p> Ruli As’ari Siti Fadjarajani Lintang Markhamah Watianur Azizah Mintarsih Arbarini Fahmi Hazin Adha Shahid Suhandi Aziz Almira Rizqia Ninik Indawati Delita Pristyowati Hari Sapto Adji Meimoon Ibrahim Ilyas Lamuda Lasia Agustina Iwan Junaedi Trimurtini, Iwan Junaedi Nursiwi Nugraheni Fitrianto Eko Subekti Iwan Junaedi Mulyono Copyright (c) 2022 Siti Fadjarajani , Ruli As’ari, Lintang Markhamah Watianur Azizah, Mintarsih Arbarini, Fahmi Hazin Adha, Shahid Suhandi Aziz, Almira Rizqia 2022-09-28 2022-09-28 UNDIFFERENTIATED CONNECTIVE TISSUE DYSPLASIA A CONSTITUTIONAL BASIS FOR MULTIPLE ERGONOMIC DISORDERS IN YOUNG AGE <p>The book presents various classical and modern aspects of undifferentiated connective tissue dysplasia. The results of scientific and practical studies, as well as our own clinical, instrumental, and functional observations made in a large contingent of patients with various forms of external and internal phenes of undifferentiated connective tissue dysplasia, are presented. The significance of phenotypic, genetic markers for the development and early diagnosis of undifferentiated connective tissue dysplasia, as well as the correction of undifferentiated connective tissue dysplasia using magnesium preparations and chondroprotective, are discussed. The publication is intended for therapists, rheumatologists, and doctors of related specialties.</p> Shodikulova Gulandom Zikriyaevna Babamuradova Zarrina Bakhtiyarovna Copyright (c) 2022 Shodikulova Gulandom Zikriyaevna, Babamuradova Zarrina Bakhtiyarovna 2022-09-28 2022-09-28 BRONCHIECTASIS IN CHILDREN <p>The monograph presents the modern treatment of bronchiectasis in children. ExperBRONCHIECTASISn endobronchial application of ozone and laser radiation in purulent endobronchitis. The etiology, pathogenesis, clinical picture, design, OSI,s and morphological changes of the lung in bronchiectasis in children are described in detail. The method of conservative and surgical treatment of bronchiectasis developed by bauthorsorsrsandd and performed in a large contingent of patients and presented by extensive clinical material is highlighted. The monograph is intended for pediatric surgeons, pediatricians, clinical residents, and students of medical institutes.</p> A.M. Shamsiev A.M. Isakov J.A. Shamsiev Copyright (c) 2022 A.M. Shamsiev, A.M. Isakov, J.A. Shamsiev 2022-09-22 2022-09-22 Legal and Notarial Research <p>The regulations that form the basis for regulating civil servant discipline in the Republic of Indonesia are Law Number 5 of 2014 concerning State Civil Apparatus; Government Regulation Number 17 of 2020 concerning Amendments to Government Regulation Number 11 of 2017 concerning Management of Civil Servants; and Government Regulation Number 94 of 2021 concerning Civil Servant Discipline. In PP No. 94 of 2021, it explains the discipline of civil servants as a form of employee's ability to comply with obligations and avoid the prohibitions specified in the legislation and/or official regulations which, if not obeyed or violated, will be imposed. In PP No. 94 of 2021 there are 17 (seventeen) obligations and 14 (fourteen) prohibitions for civil servants, with the level of disciplinary punishment divided by level and type, each according to the nature and severity or severity of the violation committed, as well as the consequences. caused by the violation committed by the Civil Servant concerned. The research method used is normative juridical research using primary, secondary and tertiary legal materials. The data collection technique of this study was literature study and document study. Data analysis is done by collecting, compiling, and analyzing qualitatively. The results show that the mechanism for imposing disciplinary sanctions on civil servants consists of four stages or procedures, namely summons and examination, imposition, and documentation in accordance with Government Regulation Number 94 of 2021 concerning Civil Servant Discipline. Problems in Law Enforcement against Indiscipline Civil Servants caused by several factors, namely the Supervision and Guidance of Civil Servants; Factors of Regulation or Code of Conduct and Leadership Factors</p> Tofik Yanuar Chandra Novel Heryanto Kristiawanto Gema Wahyudi Sri Dharen, Tofik Yanuar Chandra Santrawan T. Paparang Lucky Yugi Adi Permina Ramlani Lina Sinaulan Achmad Fitrian Dewi Sartika Ismail Ramlani Lina Sinaulan Ricardo Alfred Siringoringo Maryano, Sartono Bambang Setyawan Ramlani Lina Emy Kencanawati Desy Ari Yani Joko Sriwidodo Anriz Nazaruddin Halim Dona Alisyah Siregar Achmad Fitrian Hedwig A. Mau Joko Sriwidodo Adelin Manahede Dijan Widijowati Kristiawanto Aditya Dwi Putra Tofik Yanuar Chandra Dan Mohamad Ismed Karman Maryano Marni Emmy Mustofa Sri Wahyuni S Moha Joko Sriwidodo Wira Franciska Kevin Setiawan Ramlani Lina Sinaulan Yurisa Martanti Harry Firmansyah Atma Suganda Mardi Candra Susandhi Sukatma Tofik Y. Chandra Amran Suadi Mohamad Khoironi Maryano Kristiawanto Roy Akase Hedwig Adianto Mau Ramlani Lina Sinaulan Shandi Renaldi fidiansyah Lisa Rochmilayali Dhody AR.Widjaatmaja Zulkarnaen Koto Copyright (c) 2022 Novel Heryanto, Tofik Yanuar Chandra, Kristiawanto 2022-09-20 2022-09-20 Premature Birth <p>The book summarizes clinical and laboratory predictors of the development of premature rupture of amniotic fluid. The results of scientific and practical research are presented, as well as our own clinical, instrumental and functional observations performed in a large contingent of pregnant women at risk of premature rupture of amniotic fluid. Issues of etiology, pathogenesis, anamnesis, complex diagnostics, prognosis and prevention are discussed. Methods for prognosis and prevention in pregnant women with the risk of developing premature rupture of amniotic fluid are summarized and recommended, a number of diagnostic and clinical examples from among their own observations are given. The publication is intended for obstetricians, gynecologists, and doctors of related specialties.</p> Shavazi Nargiz Nuralievna Sultanov Saidazim Nasirovich Axtamova Nilufar Akbajonova Copyright (c) 2022 Shavazi Nargiz Nuralievna , Sultanov Saidazim Nasirovich, Axtamova Nilufar Akbajonova 2022-09-19 2022-09-19 Proceedings of International Seminar Political Parties and Democracy <p>Political parties play an important role in promoting world peace and justice. This means that political parties must have geopolitical insight as Soekarno's view. To fulfil this role, political parties need to be institutionalized. This paper intends to analyze several dimensions of institutionalization of political parties, namely: leadership, ideology, culture, and organizational transformation. In this context, the author only focuses on the dimensions of ideology and leadership. To analyze the two dimensions of the institutionalization of political parties, this paper methodologically relies on a critical</p> <p>paradigm and uses a mixed-method. The research time is one month, which is carried out from 1-30 June 2022. The data collection technique uses a literature review (library research) and surveys with a total of 1,538 respondents and 1522 respondents who were successfully interviewed spread over 81 districts/cities, 34 provinces. The results show: first, ideology in the context of democratization is a beacon of political parties. Ideology becomes a political stance for each party to discuss and debate matters of state life. In a democratic system, ideology comes down to manifestos and programs that help society. In the context of public cognition, the ideology of political parties becomes an important parameter to see the vision, foundation, commitment, and consistency of a party which in turn has implications for the realization of democratic ideals. The community's favorable assessment of the ideology of nine political parties, the highest was obtained by PDIP with a score of 12.7%. Second, strategic leadership as a step towards organizational transformation. In this context, political parties are expected to be able to project the future, prosperity, peace, uphold the rule of law and science and technology. According to public cognition, the best political party organizational transformation, 13.3% is occupied by PDIP.</p> F. Ferol Warouw Hasto Kristiyanto Piet H. Pusung Viktory N.J. Rotty Antoinette L. G. Katuuk Sonny D.J Mailangkay Deasy Indriani Purwanto Satya Arinanto Sidratahta Mukhtar Utoyo Harjito Afrianti Wulandari Rakhmayanti Binsar Sianipar Auderey G. Tangkudung Rizqita Oktorini Fera Belinda Jemmy Kaseger Harsen Roy Tampomuri Yuni Murni Tampomuri Lisna Puspita Zebua Ariyanti Nur Rizki Hana Iybah Safitri Elis Sutiasni Isep H. Insan Eka Ardianto Iskandar Flower Hikmawat Herli Antoni Farahdinny Siswajanthy Lindryani Sjofjan Copyright (c) 2022 Hasto Kristiyanto, F. Ferol Warouw, Piet H. Pusung, Viktory N.J. Rotty, Antoinette L. G. Katuuk, Sonny D.J Mailangkay, Deasy Indriani, Purwanto, Satya Arinanto, Sidratahta Mukhtar, Utoyo Harjito, Afrianti Wulandari Rakhmayanti, Binsar Sianipar, Auderey G. Tangkudung, Rizqita Oktorini, Fera Belinda, Jemmy Kaseger, Harsen Roy Tampomuri, Yuni Murni Tampomuri, Lisna Puspita Zebua 2022-09-18 2022-09-18 STRATEGIES FOR THE FORMATION OF CULTURAL IMMUNITY IN ADOLESCENTS BASED ON THE GENDER APPROACH <p><em>In this monograph, on the basis </em><em>of </em><em>the gender approach, the formation of immunity against "popular culture" in adolescent students is </em><em>based as a socio-pedagogical problem, </em><em>which shows the development trends of "popular culture" and its behavior in adolescent students. the negative effects are </em><em>described, the </em><em>means of instilling "popular culture" into the minds of teenage students are analyzed. Also, based on the gender approach, pedagogical-psychological aspects of the formation of immunity against "mass culture" in adolescent students are highlighted, socio-pedagogical factors that create modern forms of gender culture are researched. The content and means of forming immunity against "popular culture" in adolescent students based on the gender approach, the ways of forming immunity against "popular culture" in adolescent students, based on the gender approach Methods and strategies of forming cultural immunity in students are analyzed.</em></p> <p><em>This monograph serves as a unique program for pedagogic workers, researchers, authors of programs and textbooks, specialists engaged in spiritual and educational education, class leaders.</em></p> TOJIBOEVA KHILOLAKHON MAKHMUTOVNA Copyright (c) 2022 TOJIBOEVA KHILOLAKHON MAKHMUTOVNA 2022-09-13 2022-09-13 IMPROVING THE METHOD OF CREATING AND CODING OF AGRICULTURAL LAND ACCOUNTING MAPS <p>In the world and its variety monitoring of agricultural land in the regions, land accounting maintenance and automation of land quality assessment separately<br>is gaining importance. Therefore, the use of irrigated land establishment of control and land accounting in the geodatabase maintaining an automated system is one of the important issues. This about, including England, France, Germany, Holland, Italy, USA and account of agricultural land in other developed countries maintenance and creation of a database on land cadastre and land automation of the information formation system topical scientific-practical issues in the fields of land formation and land cadastre special attention is paid to the issues.</p> ABDURAKHMONOV SARVAR NARZULLAEVICH SAFAEV SANJARBEK ZAFARBEK O'g'li NIYAZOV KUVONCHBEK KOLMIRZA O'g'li Copyright (c) 2022 ABDURAKHMONOV SARVAR NARZULLAEVICH, SAFAEV SANJARBEK ZAFARBEK O'g'li, NIYAZOV KUVONCHBEK KOLMIRZA O'g'li 2022-09-09 2022-09-09 SPEAK ENGLISH FLUENTLY <p>Language teachers in Uzbekistan often utilize the Grammar Translation Methods(GTM) when they teach the skill of speaking. To master speaking skills has meant to memorize form/structure and meaning/semantics. As such, students are expected to follow linguistic rules and dictionary meanings (i.e., denotion ) while speaking about any topic. Teaching speaking within a GTM conceptualization has often caused some problems that carry over into real (and substantial) human communication. With the introduction of Communicative Language Teaching (CLT) in Uzbekistan in 2o12, the focus has shifted from learning form and semantics to studying language in use.We don’t argue that the GTM is invaluable, and we respect what this methodology brings to the area of language teaching and learning. Within use, however , language learners are expected to consider the intended meaning of an utterance (I,e. ,pragmatic competence), and/or take into consideration values, beliefs, and shared knowledge (I,e., meaning-in-use). A question arises regarding how to teach not only form/semantics, but also use in EFL classes in Uzbekistan via speaking activities. This brief section presents one activity you can utilize which focuses on pragmatic competence for the speaking course.</p> G’ANIYEVA HAYRINISO USMONOVA UMIDA MAXKAMBAYEVA OZODA MAXKAMBAYEVA SHAXRIZODA Copyright (c) 2022 G’ANIYEVA HAYRINISO, USMONOVA UMIDA, MAXKAMBAYEVA OZODA, MAXKAMBAYEVA SHAXRIZODA 2022-09-09 2022-09-09 A MANUAL OF - FISH PATHOLOGY <p>One&nbsp; of the main limitations of aquaculture production is the susceptibility of farmed fish to diseases due to farming practices or external factors such as pollution, climate change or even changes in the dynamics of product transactions in this industry. However, it is important to better understand and characterize those involved in the disease outbreak process as these result<br>in huge economic losses in the aquaculture industry. High-throughput technologies such as proteomics can be an important characterization tool, especially in the identification of pathogens and virulence mechanisms related to host-pathogen interactions in disease research and diagnosis, contributing to the control, prevention, and treatment of diseases in farmed fish.<br>The important role of proteomics is also maximized by its holistic approach to understanding pathogenesis processes and fish responses to external factors such as stress or temperature, making it one of the most promising tools for fish pathology research.</p> Dr. Sambhaji Ovhal Dr. Sandeep Anarse Copyright (c) 2022 Dr. Sambhaji Ovhal, Dr. Sandeep Anarse 2022-08-20 2022-08-20 Biosynthesis, Environmentally Friendly Synthesis Using Plants, Bacteria, and Fungi to Produce Nanocomposites and as Antibiotics and Reduce Wastewater Pollution (Part One ( <p>Nanotechnology today is moving from one visionary paradigm towards another. Green synthesis and green nanotechnology are a totally integral part of the domain of sustainable nanotechnology. According to the Brundtland Commission Report, sustainability can be defined as that development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs. Humankind’s immense scientific prowess, scientific advancements and futuristic vision will all lead to a long and visionary way towards the true realization of sustainable development. The challenges, vision, and intricacies of scientific endeavors in green nanotechnology are opening new windows of innovation in nanoscience and nanotechnology. Nanotechnology for green innovation—green nanotechnology—aims for products and processes that are safe, energy efficient, reduce industrial wastes and lessen greenhouse gas emission. This chapter delves deep into the murky depths of scientific vision and scientific innovation in green synthesis and green nanotechnology. Green nanotechnology veritably and addresses global water shortage and drinking water issues. The authors repeatedly address the issue of drinking water provision and heavy metals and arsenic groundwater contamination. Other areas of scientific endeavors are nanotechnology-based water treatment problems, better and more efficient renewable energy technologies, environmental and waste remediation, and the application of nanotechnology in sustainable production. This chapter targets the wide and visionary domain of environmental sustainability and its vital and pivotal need in a nation’s growth.</p> Karrar hazim Salim Zahraa F Khudair Iman K. Kadhim Mayada Ahmed Abass Lidia Mohamed Fatima Hiader Kutham Zainab Ahmed Abass Muntadher Rafil Hashim Faris J. Alyasiri Heba Haded Rashed Copyright (c) 2022 Karrar hazim Salim , Zahraa F Khudair , Iman K. Kadhim, Mayada Ahmed Abass , Lidia Mohamed, Fatima Hiader Kutham , Zainab Ahmed Abass, Muntadher Rafil Hashim, Faris J. Alyasiri, Heba Haded Rashed 2022-08-20 2022-08-20 LIFELONG LEARNING CONCEPT AS A WAY OF LIFE <p><em>This monograph is devoted to lifelong learning as a new form of learning, which is currently becoming more popular, developing as a global megatrend and becoming an important part of a person's lifestyle, regardless of age. Ideas are considered in order to determine common approaches to evaluating the effectiveness of lifelong learning, since lifelong learning is facilitated by adaptation to rapidly changing requirements in the professional environment and social changes in general.</em></p> <p><em>The monograph presents the scientific works of scientists who care about lifelong learning.</em></p> F.T.Khusainova Copyright (c) 2022 F.T.Khusainova 2022-07-29 2022-07-29 BUILDING MATERIALS AND ITEMS <p>In the textbook, the properties of the composition and structure of construction materials and products. Building mixtures produced on the basis of new technologies for their structural structure. The nano, micro and macro structure of modern construction materials is improving, reinforced concrete structures are the most common in construction, and artificial stone materials and products made on the basis of mineral binders have improved.<br>Building materials industry is an industry that produces building materials for construction in housing, industry, agriculture, etc. Contains several networks. Physico-chemical properties of construction materials, products produced by modern methods.</p> Umbarov Ibragim Amonovich Eshquvatov Erkin Borotovich Copyright (c) 2022 Umbarov Ibragim Amonovich, Eshquvatov Erkin Borotovich 2022-07-28 2022-07-28 Dramas of 21st Century <p>This book presents the overview of the the dramas of 21st century.</p> Prof. Mahemud Patel Copyright (c) 2022 Prof. Mahemud Patel 2022-07-16 2022-07-16 TEACHING ENGLISH BASED ON MODERN APPROACHES AND METHODS IN THE SOCIAL ENVIRONMENT OF NEW UZBEKISTAN <p>The monograph provides information about English language teaching based on modern approaches and methods in the social environment of New Uzbekistan. Ensuring the unity of content, form and methods of leadership in the education of moral qualities in students, the method of taking into account its results, integrates the unity of education.</p> YARMATOV R.B. TURGUNBAYEVA M. I. Copyright (c) 2022 YARMATOV R.B., TURGUNBAYEVA M. I. 2022-07-14 2022-07-14 MARKETING MANAGEMENT <p><strong><em>Marketing is just about as old as civilization. However marketing is discussed and talked about in business terms today, its starting point returns to the old human advancement when man utilized images, signs, and material ancient rarities to execute and speak with others. Present day marketing spins around the ideas, which are age-old. The main signs man-made to speak with others brought forth marketing. The advancement of marketing has made it an organized discipline to study; if not, marketing existed in the antiquated past. Marketing was likewise utilized as an equivalent word for the craft of selling before. Indeed, even today much disarray exists among marketing and selling among understudies of management and specialists, in regards to the two prevailing methods of business and trade. Without clients, the business doesn't exist. A marketing system or plan is tied in with characterizing the client or target market and fitting the item, evaluating appropriation, and advanced techniques to fulfill that target market. Nursery organizations that are item situated—those that attempt to sell what they can create without first seeing clients' requirements—hazard developing plants and blossoms that won't sell at a value that will deliver a benefit. All things being equal, best nurseries are client situated—they configure marketing methodologies around the requirements of their clients. Contemporary marketing believed anxieties that valuing choices should be made inside the setting of the association's whole marketing blend. Cost is nevertheless one feature of an organization's enticement for buyers and should be completely incorporated with the actual item, its bundle, publicizing, advancement, circulation, etc, so as to empower it to supplement, backing and improve each and every part of the marketing blend. Channels of Distribution-meaning-choice of Distribution channel-marketing broker’s capacities and types Wholesaling-types and administrations of distributer Retailing-types and administrations of retailer Those new to marketing regularly accept it is exactly the same thing as promoting. Positively our inclusion such a long ways in these Principles of marketing instructional exercise has recommended this isn't true. Marketing includes many assignments and choices, of which publicizing may just be a little part.</em></strong></p> <p><em>&nbsp; <strong>We are respected thankful to the Hon. Bhimraoji Dhonde Saheb, Former President of Anand Charitable Sanstha Ashti’s for his encouragement and support to complete this work. Finally, my sincere thanks to the Prin. Dr. H. G. Vidhate and Publishers, Distributors, for their acceptance in publishing the book.</strong></em></p> Dr. D. B. Borade (M.Com. Ph.D.) Prin. Dr. H.G.Vidhate. (M.A., B.Ed., M.Com., Ph.D.) Prof. Dr. S.N.Waghule. (M.Com. M.Phil., Ph.D.) Dr. P. N. Aute. (M.Com. M.Phil., Ph.D.) Copyright (c) 2022 Dr. D. B. Borade M.Com. Ph.D. , Prin. Dr. H.G.Vidhate. (M.A., B.Ed., M.Com., Ph.D.), Prof. Dr. S.N.Waghule. (M.Com. M.Phil., Ph.D.), Dr. P. N. Aute. (M.Com. M.Phil., Ph.D.) 2022-07-07 2022-07-07 METHOD FOR CORRECTION OF HEMO- AND IMMUNODEFICIENCY CONDITIONS BY DERIVATIVES OF TROPOLONE ALKOLOIDS WITH HIGH INDUCTION OF COLONY FORMATION <p>This monograph has been developed with the aim of presenting our own scientific research, coverage of the work of many years of work of researchers, conducted in the RSNPMTSOiR of the Republic of Uzbekistan on the modification of colchicine, from<br>of which a large number of new substances are currently isolated in: 4 active connections - K-20, K-42, K-61 and K-48. Based on the use of modern methods studies and experiments studied the ability of substances to induce the formation<br>splenic colonies (CFUs), their high efficiency, which served a prerequisite for their selection and subsequent search with a detailed study of the properties, which in the future will allow them to be used as substances for the correction<br>hemo- and immunodeficiency states that occur in most diseases, in including oncopathology. The monograph presents the results of research a number of active substances, with their selection as the most active in terms of ability to colony formation in the spleen (CFUs), selection of effective doses and methods of their administration, with the study of their possible immunomodulatory and hemostimulatory activity.<br>The monograph is intended for students, doctoral students of medical, pharmaceutical universities, scientific researchers, general practitioners, oncologists and other specialists.</p> Alieva D.A. Enikeeva Z. M. Mavlyanova Z. F. Copyright (c) 2022 Alieva D.A., Enikeeva Z. M., Mavlyanova Z. F. 2022-07-07 2022-07-07 STIMULATION IMMUNITY IN A MODEL OF SKIN LEISHMANIASIS <p>The process of cutaneous leishmaniasis is characterized by a sluggish long course due to local anti-infective immunity. Therefore, we tried to stimulate local immunity with the help of the official gramicidin paste. To assess the contribution of the<br>antibiotic action of gramicidin S in one of the control groups, monomycin ointment was used as the most effective anti-leishmania drug among antibiotics used to treat cutaneous leishmaniasis.<br>A significantly more effective therapeutic effect of gramicidin in the main group compared to monomycin indicates that the effect of gramicidin is determined not only by its antibiotic activity. There are sufficient grounds to suggest that gramicidin S has a local immunostimulatory effect, which, in combination with antibiotic action, gives a very good therapeutic effect in cutaneous leishmaniasis.</p> Abdullaev D.M. Islamov N.X. Salamova L.A. Baratova M.R. Oripov R.A. Copyright (c) 2022 Abdullaev D.M., Islamov N.X., Salamova L.A., Baratova M.R., Oripov R.A. 2022-07-07 2022-07-07 MODERN ASPECTS OF ABNORMAL UTERINE BLEEDING OF PERIMENOPAUSAL AGE <p>The book presents modern data in the diagnosis and treatment of abnormal uterine bleeding during perimenopause.<br>Despite great achievements, relapses and malignancies are still observed. They lead to repeated manipulations, unsatisfactory results, disability, and worsen the prognosis.<br>The monograph describes the causes of abnormal uterine bleeding, their classification, clinical manifestations, diagnosis, molecular genetic methods, and the treatment algorithm for women with abnormal uterine bleeding during<br>perimenopause. Based on the analysis of our own clinical observations and literature data on the management of women with abnormal uterine bleeding, an algorithm of measures for the management of women with abnormal uterine bleeding has been<br>developed, depending on clinical, morphological, and genetic studies.<br>The monograph is intended for obstetrician-gynecologists, general practitioners, researchers, masters, and clinical residents of medical universities.</p> Z. Z. Askarova D. R. Khudoyarova Copyright (c) 2022 Z. Z. Askarova, D. R. Khudoyarova 2022-07-07 2022-07-07 DIAGNOSIS AND TREATMENT OF LARYNGOTRACHEITIS IN CHILDREN <p>In this edition, within the framework of the program on otorhinolaryngology, information related to one of the sections - clinical otorhinolaryngology and immunology is summarized.<br>The manual includes not only basic knowledge concerning this subject, but also contains modern scientific knowledge in some of its sections. The monograph is supposed to be used as an auxiliary source of information when conducting practical classes and lectures on the course of otorhinolaryngology for doctors and students.<br>The monograph presents modern approaches to the diagnosis and prevention, as well as the treatment of acute stenosing laryngotracheitis in children. An algorithm for examining children at risk is presented,<br>The authors hope that the book will be of some interest to doctors of related specialties - otorhinolaryngologists, allergists, neonatologists, pediatricians, as well as residents, and can be used in the structure of the work of medical and polyclinic healthcare institutions.</p> Samieva Gulnoza Utkurovna Samiev Utkur Basirovich Copyright (c) 2022 Samieva Gulnoza Utkurovna, Samiev Utkur Basirovich 2022-07-07 2022-07-07 INTEGRAL TRANSFORM AND ITS APPLICATIONS <p><em>We present a novel complicated integral transform, the complex SEE transform, in this book. The features of this transform are studied. This complex integral transform is also used to simplify the core issue to a simple algebraic equation. The solution to this basic issue may then be determined by solving this algebraic equation and applying the inverse of this complex integral transform. Finally, the complex integral transform is employed to solve higher order ordinary differential equations. Also, we present several key engineering and physics applications. This chapter of the course teaches two incredibly effective ways to solve differential equations: the Fourier and the Laplace transforms. Beside its practical application, the Fourier transform is also of vital significance in quantum physics, establishing the relationship between the position and momentum representations of the Heisenberg commutation relations. An integral transform is valuable if it helps one to convert a difficult issue into a simpler one. The transforms we will be learning in this portion of the course are largely used to solve differential and, to a lesser degree, integral equations. The theory of Fourier series and integrals has always had considerable challenges and requires a huge mathematical apparatus in dealing with concerns of convergence. It encouraged the creation of techniques of summation, albeit they did not lead to a wholly adequate solution of the issue. ... For the Fourier transform, the inclusion of distributions (thus, the space S) is inevitable either in an explicit or hidden form. ... As a consequence one may acquire everything that is wanted from the point of view of the continuity and inversion of the Fourier transform.</em></p> Dr. D. S. Bodkhe Dr. G. S. Jagtap Copyright (c) 2022 Dr. D. S. Bodkhe , Dr. G. S. Jagtap 2022-07-06 2022-07-06 SHORT FICTION BY CONTEMPORARY INDIAN ENGLISH WOMEN WRITERS <p>The appearance of Indian women writers in English is intimately connected with the rise and development of Indian English Literature itself. Toru Dutt and Sarojini Naidu represent the early creative release of feminine sensibility. After them, women writers appeared sporadically and it was only after 1950 that there was an emergence of Indian English women Novelists like Kamala Markandaya, Nayantara Sahgal, Ruth Prawer Jhabvala and Anita Desai. The glorious beginning further resulted in the creative bloom in the post-Rushdie period so that one could speak of women's fiction. In this connection one may mention Shashi Deshpande, Shobha De, Bharati Mukherji, Juliette Banerjee, Raji Narasimhan, Anjana Appachana, Githa Hariharan, Nisha da Cunha and Neelum Sharan Gour.</p> <p>The leading new novelists of the last two decades of the twentieth century have generally been men, Arundhati Roy being an exception. However, the genre Short Fiction seems to be largely a feminine preserve in this period. Most male novelists have written short stories as a kind of subsidiary activity to their novels “a by-product of the novel workshop”; but the situation seems to have been reversed in the case of contemporary women writers whose favoured form is the short story. Some leading short story writers like Bulbul Sharma, Anjana Appachana and Neelum Sharan Gour have attempted writing novels, others like Nisha da Cunha, have dedicated themselves to short fiction alone.</p> <p>Like the novel, this genre also deals with women’s issues and is nowadays the most popular genre because it suits female sensibility and temperament. Women writers have revealed their peculiar experiences in this form and presented their vision of life. Their central characters act as a picture camera and present the real image of society and the predicament of women in a male dominated world. Within this patriarchal society, they are in search of identity. In other words, their lyric awareness reveals the inner self of women, their peculiar feelings, emotions and search for identity. They also examine Indian women as a stereotyped wife, as a child bearer, and as an object to please and allure men with her physical charms. Even a first casual reading of their stories reveals the shameful attitude of men towards women and their obsessive desire for sex.</p> <p>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; A historico-critical survey of short fiction by Indian English women writers shows remarkable changes not only in society but also in women’s approach to traditions, social conventions and their personal priorities. The submissive woman of the ‘forties and ‘fifties and the educated and assertive woman of the ‘sixties and ‘seventies, have been replaced by the ‘new woman’ of the ‘eighties and ‘nineties. This new woman has realised her woman-power. She is not in conflict with the male, and she has rejected, finally, choicelessness.</p> <p>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; The significance of the present study lies in its critical focus on the contemporary Indian English short fiction by women and portrayal therein of women in the present social milieu. Women writers have depicted the social and psychological reality of the post-independence period. The Indian English short story by women writers has considerably matured and is now able to reflect social and individual reality with precision. Women writers have used it as a literary barometer and they have noticed political behaviour, joint family system, the generation gap, changing attitudes towards love, marriage, sex and the impact of feminism on contemporary women in the Indian society.&nbsp;</p> <p>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; In Indian English short fiction by women, the feminist voice is loud enough to be heard. In neo-colonialism era in India, women short story writers are examining the role of family and society very positively. The present book aims at studying the writers chosen with a view to analyzing their themes (in the light of feminist theory), characterization and style.</p> <p>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; The book is divided into five chapters. Chapter I – “Introduction” deals with the theory of short fiction, development of short fiction as a genre, followed by a historico-critical survey of Indian English short story particularly by women writers and a brief discussion of Feminism and feminist literary theory / criticism.</p> <p>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Chapter II – “Anita Desai” deals with her short stories. It contains a discussion of the making of the writer and analysis of her short stories from the angles of pessimism and feminism. It also focuses on the elements of symbolism and portrayal of women characters in her short stories.</p> <p>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Chapter III – “Shashi Deshpande” presents a synopsis of Deshpande’s literary career, influences on her writings and analysis of her representative short stories in the light of feminist literary theory and consequently presentation of women in them.</p> <p>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Chapter IV –“Other Indian English Women Writers of Short Fiction” deals with the analysis of the representative short stories of Attia Hosain, Raji Narasimhan, Kamala Das, Nergis Dalal, Githa Hariharan, Anjana Appachana, Shalan Savur, Prema Ramakrishnan and Tara Deshpande.&nbsp; Chapter V - forms the conclusion, where arguments of the preceding chapters are summarized and a cohesive picture is given. The analysis of short stories by contemporary Indian English women writers shows how cultural patterns run like a thread in the short stories of these women writers. Despite provincial disparities, they are successful in portraying the socio-cultural ethos which is basically Indian. Their short stories show formal diversity but there is a common denominator: feminist consciousness.</p> MOHD. TARIQ Copyright (c) 2022 MOHD. TARIQ 2022-07-06 2022-07-06 BUILDING LEADERSHIP SKILLS AND TEAM EFFECTIVENESS RESOURCES <p>The concept of an effective team in service to a teamwork is a small number of members, with complementary skills to commit to a common goal. As a performance target, and the responsibility of the approach is the responsibility of joint teamwork. Briefly, clearly and in detail, can explain the meaning of the teamwork, which is a group of people who have the same view supported by skills that complement each other's shortcomings and have a firm commitment to achieve a predetermined common goal, through a work process in teamwork together and take responsibility for each other according to their duties and functions.</p> <p>Teamwork that is effective in carrying out various tasks and responsibilities, then teamwork can be interpreted as teamwork that is successful in achieving common goals, (teams that are able to achieve their purpose). In an effective teamwork, with all the components of the teamwork, they can work together as well as possible according to their roles and functions in each of their main tasks and functions, which are solely to achieve the team's goals, which are the shared goals that have been set. Having a sense of belonging to the team's goals, which is embedded in each team member itself, so that they have the attitude and responsibility and have the willingness to sacrifice in achieving common goals. The importance of the existence of effective teamwork to accelerate the achievement of goals, to add creativity and skills in solving all forms of problems in increasing the quality of problem solving in terms of public services.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Viktory NJ Rotty Lina Sukanti Ferol F. Warouw Stralen Pratasik Lady GJ Giroth Meiskyarti Luma Hadirman Syamsu Q. Badu Abdul Rahmat Mira Mirnawati Seriwati Ginting Isah Cahyani Heldy Vanni Alam Ahmad Fathoni Rodli Henny Suharyati Yossa Istiadi Ari Utari Permatasari Sitti Roskina Mas Arifin Suking Rahma Andi Acok Herry Yaputra Resitantri Putri Awwalyanita Copyright (c) 2022 Lina Sukanti, Viktory NJ Rotty, Ferol F. Warouw, Stralen Pratasik, Lady GJ Giroth, Meiskyarti Luma, Hadirman, Syamsu Q. Badu, Abdul Rahmat, Mira Mirnawati, Seriwati Ginting 2022-07-04 2022-07-04 STRENGTHENING SOCIETY IN GROUNDING NATIONAL VALUES IN INDONESIA <p>This artical is about Strengthening Society in Grounding National Values in Indonesia</p> Suryaningsi Dr. dr. Muhammad Isman Jusuf, Sp.N Pupung Puspa Ardini Wuri Astuti Winda Gunarti Putu Aditya Antara Rina Windiarti Fanny Kho Chee Yuet Branislav Pupala Asmirin Noor Gunawan Wibisono Tri Cicik Wijayanti Achmad Daengs GS Enny Istanti Ruchan Sanusi Apri Candra Widyawati S. Kom., M. Ti Indah Epriliati Suryaningsi Suciana Wijirahayu Aprilia Larasati Atika Yuliana Ichsani Annabba Putri Nabila Marina Lia Adel Vivin Nur Kholivah Copyright (c) 2022 Dr. dr. Muhammad Isman Jusuf, Sp.N, Suryaningsi 2022-07-04 2022-07-04 FINANCIAL FUTURE AND FINANCIAL FUNDAMENTALS ABOUT CONVERGENCE, BLOCKCHAIN, BIG DATA, AI <p>This monograph discusses the past, present and future state of the financial sector. Books by world-renowned scholars in the field of finance and scientific articles by professors also provide insights. You can also see the threats facing the financial sector and the solutions in this area. There is also a clear picture of Fintech, the future of finance. Some of the structures and technologies that form the basis of financial technologies, their history of origin, and future plans for them are outlined. In general, a comprehensive review of the financial sector has been provided.</p> Khurshidbek Tolibjonov Shahzodbek Yetmishboyev Abdurazaqova Gulginaxon Kamollidin Nishonov Copyright (c) 2022 Khurshidbek Tolibjonov, Shahzodbek Yetmishboyev, Abdurazaqova Gulginaxon, Kamollidin Nishonov 2022-06-22 2022-06-22 INTRAOPERATIVE SURGICAL CONTRACEPTION IN THE TREATMENT OF VAGINAL WALL PROLAPSE <p>Genital prolapse is an important medical, social, and moral problem worldwide today. According to the World Health Organization, by 2030, approximately 63 million women will have a miscarriage, with one in nine women under the age of 80 undergoing surgery for the disease, with 30% requiring re-surgery. The tendency for the disease to grow not only among<br>older women but also among young and middle-aged women is becoming the focus of surgeons and gynecologists. "Currently, there are more than 300 surgical treatments for small pelvic organ falls, but the effectiveness of the proposed methods is insufficient and the recurrence rate of the disease reaches 25-30%." This situation depends not only on the choice of the inadequate surgical method but also on the quality of preparation of patients before and after surgery. The greatest focus is on women of reproductive age, which requires a reduction in the recurrence of the disease and an increase in the effectiveness of treatment in addressing the issue of reproductive function. Given the severity of the disease, the age of women, and the possibility of improving the method of surgical contraception in this category of patients, it is necessary to introduce into clinical practice improved methods of surgical removal of pelvic floor falls. The monograph is intended for general practitioners, obstetricians, gynecologists, doctors of relevant specialties, masters, and students of medical institutes.</p> Negmadjanov Baxodur Boltaevich Nasimova Nigina Rustamovna Copyright (c) 2022 Negmadjanov Baxodur Boltaevich, Nasimova Nigina Rustamovna 2022-06-17 2022-06-17 DEVELOPMENT OF EFFECTIVE COMPOSITIONS AND ENERGY-RESOURCE-SAVING TECHNOLOGY FOR OBTAINING ELECTROCERAMIC COMPOSITE MATERIALS <p>Today, in the world, composite electroceramic materials are widely used in energy, petrochemical, metallurgical, mechanical engineering and other industries. In this regard, the development of the electroceramic industry in the world is of particular economic importance, and the demand for composite electroceramic materials used in electrical engineering is growing rapidly. In this aspect, the development of effective compositions and energy-resource-saving technologies for obtaining electroceramic materials for insulating the working parts of electric machines and mechanisms is important.</p> Tuichieva Makhliyo Obidkhon Qizi Copyright (c) 2022 Tuichieva Makhliyo Obidkhon Qizi 2022-06-09 2022-06-09 SCIENTIFIC BASIS OF IMPROVING COTTON GRINDING MACHINES, TRANSMISSION MECHANISMS CONSTRUCTIONS AND CALCULATION OF PARAMETERS <p>The monograph is dedicated to the improvement of working parts, designs of transmission mechanisms and the development of scientific foundations for determining the operating modes of cotton-ginning machines. Moreover, new, effective design schemes are recommended. Based on theoretical research, several schemes of belt drives with a variable gear ratio (VGR) have been developed for the implementation of the movement of working parts with a variable system and their kinematic characteristics have been determined. As a result of complex theoretical and experimental research, a few laws of motion of the working parts of cotton-ginning machines were obtained based on the analysis of dependence graphs and their parameters were determined. The monograph is intended for scientists, doctoral students of design engineers, bachelors involved in calculations and design of equipment and technology for the primary processing of cotton and the creation of their new versions.</p> MAMATOVA D. DJURAEV A. NEMATOV A. Copyright (c) 2022 MAMATOVA D., DJURAEV A., NEMATOV A. 2022-05-21 2022-05-21 CONDITIONAL ENEMY'S MASS DESTRUCTION AND BURNING WEAPONS <p>&nbsp; &nbsp;The textbook "Conditional Enemy Mass Destruction and Burning Weapons" is designed to provide students of the Faculty of Military Education with theoretical knowledge, practical and methodological skills.</p> <p>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; This manual covers all of the chemical protection tasks outlined in combat regulations, manuals, and instructions.</p> <p>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; This handbook provides information on weapons of mass destruction and firearms, their structure, damaging factors, methods and tools of use.</p> <p>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Protection from weapons of mass destruction in the textbook; radiation and chemical intelligence, radiometric, dosimetric, chemical control; meteorological observation; information on special processing methods and tools.</p> Xonimqulov Anvar Rahimqulovich Khurramov Mansur Musurmon o‘g‘li Copyright (c) 2022 Xonimqulov Anvar Rahimqulovich, Khurramov Mansur Musurmon o‘g‘li 2022-05-19 2022-05-19 HEALTH CARE AND NUTRITION OF CHILDREN <p>The World Health Organization (WHO) characterizes health as 'a condition of complete physical, mental and social prosperity and not simply the shortfall of sickness or ailment' (WHO, 1948). This is predictable with the biopsychosocial model of health, which thinks about physiological, mental and social variables in health and ailment, and connections between these components. Across the globe, populaces fluctuate generally in the food sources they discover moderate, engaging and socially satisfactory. Nonetheless, financial development in non-industrial nations and globalization of the food area is prompting progressively comparative food utilization designs overall. Likewise, the pervasiveness of corpulence and a few non-transmittable constant illnesses related with heftiness and diet has expanded. It is important that supplements in our body are accessible in adequate sums and in the correct extents. This can be accomplished by eating a reasonable eating regimen. We should eat an assortment of foods, since various foods contain various supplements in shifting sums. In focusing on the significance of assortment in our eating regimen, Nutrition Australia urges all Australians to guarantee that their every day diet incorporates 30 individual foods. This may seem inconceivable from the outset thought, yet as a general rule can without much of a stretch be accomplished by eating average weight control plans dependent on carefully chose foods. Food determination dependent on the 'Healthy Eating Pyramid' can help you in arranging your suppers for a reasonable and healthy eating routine.</p> Dr. Sandeep Kumari Copyright (c) 2022 Sandeep Kumari 2022-04-30 2022-04-30 AWARENESS TO EDUCATIONAL CHANGES AND CONTENT DELIVERY METHODS <p>Freedom to learn is a revolutionary policy of the government to restore the essence of human learning by the talents, interests, and willingness to learn of students and is assisted by teachers as facilitators so that educational goals are achieved. (Merina et al., 2021) Freedom to learn will have a positive impact on improving Indonesian human resources with character and quality. (Rahmat et al., 2021) With the independence of learning, it is hoped that students will have extraordinary experiences and increase relationships, knowledge, and can train themselves to be more characterized. (Rodiyah, 2021), However, the challenge in the Freedom to learn policy is that it requires alignment between graduates with their further learning needs as well as the needs of the business world and the industrial world, that it has a real</p> Dimas Surya Permana Ahmad Patimah Azzahra Putri Anggraini Lasi Purwito Edi Widianto Dian Heriyani Robetmi Jumpakita Pinem Sri Sukasih Dewi Nilam Tyas Baharuddin Robin Pakudu Pietra Dorand Sofyan Alhadar Ratna Indriawati Dr. Andik Matulessy, M.Si, Psikolog Dr. Amanda Pasca Rini, M.Si, Psikolog Herlina Usman Angela Novena Moonhidayati Otoluwa Alpriansah Hidayat Akbar Herlina Usman Noldy Pelenkahu Suciana Wijirahayu Ade Putri Muliya Ely Satiyasih Rosali Septian Cahya Azhari Henny Suharyati Langgeng Prima Anggradinata Copyright (c) 2022 Ahmad, Dimas Surya Permana, Patimah Azzahra, Putri Anggraini, Lasi Purwito, Edi Widianto, Dian Heriyani, Robetmi Jumpakita Pinem, Sri Sukasih, Dewi Nilam Tyas, Baharuddin 2022-04-29 2022-04-29 ISSUES OF LEGAL SOCIALIZATION OF THE INDIVIDUAL IN MODERN CIVIL SOCIETY <p>This book presents ISSUES OF LEGAL SOCIALIZATION OF THE INDIVIDUAL IN MODERN CIVIL SOCIETY.</p> A.N. Makhmudova Copyright (c) 2022 A.N. Makhmudova 2022-04-19 2022-04-19 SOYBEAN GROWING TECHNOLOGY IN THE SALTY SOILS OF THE ARAL SEA <p>The monograph presents information about the experiment, which was carried out about studying influence of planting periods on the growth, development and productivity of soybean that is the representative of legumes in the salty soils of the Aral Sea. Students of higher educational places, agricultural farmers and people, who are interested in general information about soybean plant can be acquainted with the information and give their opinions.</p> T. OSERBAEVA M.UTEPBERGENOV Copyright (c) 2022 T. OSERBAEVA, M.UTEPBERGENOV 2022-03-20 2022-03-20 THEORETICAL AND METHODOLOGICAL BASES OF ECONOMIC REGULATION OF MECHANISMS TO ATTRACT INVESTMENTS TO AN ENTERPRISE <p>THEORETICAL AND METHODOLOGICAL BASES OF ECONOMIC REGULATION OF MECHANISMS TO ATTRACT INVESTMENTS TO AN ENTERPRISE</p> Mukhammedov M.M. Salamov F.F. Copyright (c) 2022 Mukhammedov M.M., Salamov F.F. 2022-03-17 2022-03-17 LINGUOCULTUROLOGY EDUCATIONAL AND METHODOLOGICAL MANUAL <p>The proposed textbook was created on the basis of a course of lectures on linguoculturology, which is read to students of KSU. A. Tsereteli, and corresponds to the program of the Department of Slavic Philology of the Faculty of Humanities of KSU</p> <p>Abstracts of fifteen lectures are presented in accordance with the curriculum, control questions, practical tasks, test tasks, a glossary, basic and additional literature on each topic.</p> <p>The textbook is addressed to foreign students - undergraduates of the direction of education "Russian Language and Literature", teachers and everyone who is interested in the value-semantic space of the word.</p> TSERTSVADZE M.G. Copyright (c) 2022 TSERTSVADZE M.G. 2022-03-17 2022-03-17 Principles of Entrepreneurship and Small Businesses <p><span class="JsGRdQ">Entrepreneurship and Small Business has been the market driving course book on entrepreneurship in the UK for longer than 10 years. Its solidarity comes from its capacity to mix the hypothesis and practice of entrepreneurship, mirroring the foundation of the creator as business visionary, consultant and scholastic. Small scope businesses contribute fundamentally to the advancement cycle and goes about as an imperative connection in the industrialization as far as creation, work and fares for economic thriving by broadening innovative base and utilization of neighborhood crude materials and indigenous abilities. Small scope ventures rule the modern situation in the nation with sizeable extent of workforce and huge fare potential. In India, the 'town and small businesses area' comprises of both 'conventional' and 'current' small enterprises. This area has eight subgroups. They are handlooms, handiworks, coir, sericulture, khadi and town enterprises, small scope ventures and force looms. The last two go under the cutting-edge small enterprises, while the others go under conventional ventures. Town and small ventures together give the biggest business openings in India.</span></p> <p><span class="JsGRdQ"><strong>ISBN: </strong>978-93-90753-53-6</span></p> Dr. (Prof.) Arun Kumar Copyright (c) 2022 Dr. (Prof.) Arun Kumar 2022-03-15 2022-03-15 Folklores of Chepangs: A Study in the Performative Identity <p>This dissertation analyzes folklore and cultures of Chepang community of Kalika municipality -10, Chitwan. It is based on performance studies; it argues that performance of rituals, folklores, myths, and shamanistic performance of this indigenous group are essential to affirm their identity in the contemporary times when their economic, religious, demographic changes become dominant. The myths of Chepang also affirm the privacy of their dwelling places and its domestic livestock and nearby wild animals which they hunt for food. The symbolic representation of folklore makes their land of habitation including their vegetable garden a sacred place. The sanctity of their place of dwelling comes from the fact that it had sheltered and fed their ancestors. This dissertation analyzes their songs, dances, rituals and shamanistic performances in the light of Richard Schechner’s notion of performance, Erving Goffman’s idea of everyday activities (performance) and Clifford Geert’z idea of culture and performance. In the present times, the cultures of different communities are being intersected and from this Chepangs are not exceptional. However, they are able to preserve their culture and identity through their folkloric performances. Folklores and rituals are the cultural performances and folklore like songs, Shamanism and rituals are cultural representation of this ethnic community. Therefore ChepangS mark their identity through their folkloric cultural performances by giving it continuity and preservation.</p> Suresh Aryal Copyright (c) 2022 Suresh Aryal 2022-03-15 2022-03-15 Analysis of Current Research and Development (R&D) Mechanism and Preparation of a Model for Research and Development at University Level in Pakistan <p>This study titled, “Analysis of current research and development mechanism and preparation of a model for research and development at university level in Pakistan” was conducted with the objectives to (1) analyze the status of research and development at universities in Pakistan, (2), explore the existing research and development practices at universities in Pakistan (3) identify the problems faced by research &amp; development center for its smooth functioning (4) find out the trends of research &amp; development in Pakistani Universities, and (5) propose a model of research &amp; development for Pakistani universities. The study was descriptive in nature; therefore survey approach was considered appropriate and adopted for its completion. The population of the study consisted of research supervisors, chairpersons and/ or heads of teaching departments, deans of faculties, concerned authorities of research &amp; development centers and quality assurance cells from twenty three (23) public sector general universities in Pakistan. The multistage sampling based on three stages was adopted for study. The&nbsp; sample of the study consisted of thirty (30) respondents from each university including ten (10) research supervisors, five (05) chairpersons and/ or heads of teaching departments, five (05) deans of faculties, one (01) head and five (05) officials of the research &amp; development center, and four (04) official working in quality assurance cells taken randomly from the population. Five (05) separate questionnaires were prepared on five point rating (likert) scale according to the objectives of the study were used as research tool. It was finalized after its pilot testing. After finalization of research tool the researcher personally administered research tool and collected data from the respondents. After data collection, it was coded in SPSS version 17 and statistically analyzed. The data analysis revealed diversified and interesting results. In overall 56.7% of the respondents appeared to be satisfied with current status of research &amp; development council, whereas 51% of the respondents reported their dissatisfaction with its role in managing research activities to enhance the productivity. About half (50%) of the respondents affirmed appropriateness of planning process but 52% showed their otherwise opinion about implementation of the planning. Furthermore, the results indicated that 50.6% of the respondents were dissatisfied with the monitoring networks, 49.6 % of the respondents wished technical assistance and 54% disagreed with financial assistance provided by reseach and development council. Likewise, 52.9% desired feedback and 51% of them affirmed lack of coordination among activities. Half (50%) of the respondents reported their dissatisfaction with outcomes of the research &amp; development process. However, significant majority (<strong>75.5%) </strong>of respondents were of the view that research &amp; development mechanism faced some problems in universities and institutes of higher education in Pakistan –lengthy process, lack of expertise of different personnel involved in research and development activities, less priority given to R&amp;D, lack of funds, personal liking and disliking, unstable policies, lack of coordination and lack of professional competencies among research and development personnel. Based findings a model of research &amp; development (R &amp; D) was proposed by the researcher for the public sector universities in Pakistan. This study also recommended that research &amp; development mechanism in the public sector universities should be made simple by strengthening research and development councils in Pakistani universities. Research &amp; development process should be given top priority in universities and proper budget should be allocated for research &amp; development activities.</p> JAM MUHAMMAD ZAFAR Dr. Muhammad Safdar Bhatti Copyright (c) 2022 JAM MUHAMMAD ZAFAR ; Dr. Muhammad Safdar Bhatti 2022-03-03 2022-03-03 CASE METHOD AND TEAM BASED PROJECT LEARNING <p>Biomass waste and waste can be an alternative energy sources. Utilization of biomass-derived from waste products of forestry and plantation activities as briquettes. Bagasse biomass waste and dry leaves contain cellulose and lignin, affecting the calorific value. This study aimed to determine the effect of time and power of microwave torrefaction on calorific value, moisture content, and ash content. The method used to make briquettes is the microwave torrefaction method. The research flow consists of drying raw materials, size reduction, and the microwave torrefaction process. The torrefaction process is carried out with natural materials, namely bagasse and dry leaves, put in a microwave at a temperature of 230°C to 280°C in a state without air. The research variable used was Microwave power; 80, 400, and 800 W and torrefaction time; 5, 15, and 25 minutes. According to the result, torrefaction time and microwave power affect briquettes' heating value and characteristics</p> Yustia Wulandari Mirzayanti Erlinda Ningsih Agus Budianto Achmad Chusnun Ni’am Gati Sri Utami Meimoon Ibrahim Ilyas Lamuda Novita Maulidya Jalal Ayoeningsih Dyah Woelandhary Dr. Dian Novita Siswanti Alo Karyati Wuriyanti Akhlis Nur Fu’adi Hasia Marto Ruknan Erliana Novitasari Agung Lasmono Dan Zahara Ratna Indriawati Ninik Indawati Khalil Zuhar Mudhaffar Yakup Sasmita Rohizah Setiawan Mohamad Afan Suyanto Dwi Wahyuni Elfis Mus Abdul Deby Rita Karundeng Ayub Usman Rasid Anggita Permata Yakup Atik Krustiyati Yaries Mahardika Putro Moh. Rakhmat Yunita Setyoningrum Isabella Ishtipraya Andreas Copyright (c) 2022 Erlinda Ningsih, Yustia Wulandari Mirzayanti, Agus Budianto, Achmad Chusnun Ni’am, Gati Sri Utami 2022-02-26 2022-02-26 Amir Temur and the Economic Development of Maverannahr (Uzbekistan) <p>The book presents the historical facts of the change in the economic life of the people in era of Timur and the Timurids. The focus is on the flourishing of the economy of Maverannahr in the era of the reign of Timur and the Timurids in the XIU-XV centuries. Deep analysis of the path traveled on the creation of the Great Empire allows you to better understand and adequately appreciate the merits Tamerlane in the development of productive forces and the growth of economic power huge state. The book is intended for students, economists, historians, political scientists, specialists in international relations, as well as all those interested in history and culture of the peoples of Central Asia and the East.</p> Mukhammedov M.M. Copyright (c) 2022 Mukhammedov M.M. 2022-02-22 2022-02-22 INCREASING THE DEGREE OF FIRE RESISTANCE AND THERMAL INSULATION PROPERTIES OF BUILDING STRUCTURES BASED ON LOCAL RAW MATERIALS <p>The monograph deals with the issues of obtaining finely dispersed porous fillers and compositions based on them, with effective heat and fire retardant properties based on vermiculite minerals and wollastonite. Efficient methods for obtaining porous components have been developed different dispersion using physical and chemical methods impact on the material. Based on the dependency of the main properties minerals on the size of its particles, developed mechanisms for the manifestation of their thermal and thermophysical properties. Based on the developed finely dispersed components (vermiculite and wollastonite) compositions for effective heat and fire protection were obtained building structures and materials.</p> Murtazaev K.M. Copyright (c) 2022 Murtazaev K.M. 2022-02-10 2022-02-10 STRATEGIC OBJECTIVES AND PRIORITIES OF HIGHER EDUCATION SYSTEM DEVELOPMENT <p>In this monograph, the strategic goals of the development of the higher education system and priorities are highlighted. Implemented in Uzbekistan in this area the ongoing reforms have been systematically and critically analysed.</p> <p>The Concept of Development of the Higher Education System of the Republic of Kazakhstan until 2030 mechanisms for achieving the set strategic goals and priorities Conclusions and recommendations are presented.</p> Shoira Akbarovna Xusinova Aktam Xatamovich Xolov Gulnora Mardiyevna Shadiyeva Nadira Egamberdiyevna Yuldashova Copyright (c) 2022 Shoira Akbarovna Xusinova, Aktam Xatamovich Xolov, Gulnora Mardiyevna Shadiyeva, Nadira Egamberdiyevna Yuldashova 2022-01-24 2022-01-24 DISPENSARY OF PRODUCTIVE ANIMALS <p>One of the only ways to maintain the existing productivity and fertility potential of imported pedigree cattle in the country, as well as their natural resistance, is a planned medical examination. It is known that dispensary means to create a healthy, productive, strong constitution, high metabolic rate and disease-resistant herd by identifying sick and hidden sick animals in a herd (group, farm), treating sick animals and preventing diseases. a system of planned diagnostic, therapeutic and prophylactic measures aimed at. The dispensary plan is developed at the initiative of the district veterinary and livestock development department by agreement between the farm and the district animal diagnostics and food safety center and approved by the district administration.</p> Bakirov B. Tangirov Q.J. Copyright (c) 2022 Bakirov B. , Tangirov Q.J. 2022-01-20 2022-01-20 Design Synchronized Transceiver System Based on Frequency Hopping Spread Spectrum <p>Frequency hopping spread spectrum (FH/SS) communication system has played a growing role in modern communication systems for both military and civil applications due to its unique features. It is one of the avoidances spread spectrum (SS) communication which is used in the jamming and interference environments. In FH/SS system, a synchronization reception with the code at the receiver is used for de-spreading the received signal and then a subsequent data recovery is followed. There are many available synchronization techniques that can be used in FH/SSS. Most of these techniques require complex search operations and hence need complex hardware.</p> <p>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; In this book: a contiguous and noncontiguous parallel digital BPF banks for FH/SS transceiver system has been designed and implemented in real time successfully using MATLAB-Simulink. The above designed bank of filters is used as a simple and efficient approach for synchronization of the FH/SS transceiver system. Four FFH/SS transceiver systems using contiguous and noncontiguous BPF banks are proposed to transmitting at data rate 160 k bit/sec for frequency hopping rate of 160 k hop/sec. Four systems have been used to spread the transmitted data in the HF band, 18 MHz (3-21MHz), 37.2 MHz (3- 40.2MHz) for ASK and BFSK FH/SSS using contiguous digital BPF banks respectively, 9.6 MHz (3-12.6 MHz), 19.2MHz (3-22.2MHz) for ASK and BFSK FH/SSS using noncontiguous digital BPF banks respectively.</p> <p>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Noncoherent detector is designed and simulated in the receiver due to Doppler effect. Two models of the jamming MTJ and HJ were designed and simulated. The proposed systems were examined in the presence of noise and two type of jamming: multitone and hopper. The obtained results proved that the proposed systems were passed these tests successfully.</p> Khalid Awaad Humood Ali Abbas Ali Omar Abdulkareem Mahmood Tahreer Mahmood Copyright (c) 2022 Khalid Awaad Humood , Ali Abbas Ali, Omar Abdulkareem Mahmood , Tahreer Mahmood 2022-01-12 2022-01-12 DEVELOPMENT OF HOSPITALITY INDUSTRY BY IMPROVING SERVICE QUALITY AND CUSTOMER SATISFACTION IN UZBEKISTAN <p>Today, 70 % of world GDB is earning by the service industry, which shows the importance of service sector among the all industries. Therefore, it is very important to increase competitiveness, effectiveness and flexibility of any organization in a service field such as hospitality companies. Service quality is an essential element to achieve success and attract more customers to the sector. The main reasons of customers to visit a hotel may be the outside of the control of the hotel and providing a satisfactory experience to the customers is dependent to the efforts of both management and hotel staffs (Saleh &amp; Ryan, 1991). Since Uzbekistan became an independent state in 1991, there has been much effort to develop and access the tourism industry by the government. Therefore, there has been a rapid increase in the tourists’ flow to the country where you can encounter mixture beauty of ancient East and modern West architecture. The cities such as Samarkand, Bukhara and Khiva were always becoming the main destination of tourists who wish to meet ancient building and monuments with more than 500 years –old- history. As the number of tourists and visitors rising, the demand for improving the quality of service and customer satisfaction is increasing day by day.</p> OBIDKHON MUMINOV Copyright (c) 2021 OBIDKHON MUMINOV 2021-12-31 2021-12-31 SOIL PRODUCTIVITY OF HOUSEHOLD CROPS AND EFFECT ON AUTUMN WHEAT YIELD <p>The monograph summarizes the results of research for 2014-2017, devoted to the study of the influence of predecessors on the fertility and productivity of winter wheat in irrigated lands. The results of the study of the influence of predecessors on the growth and development, the structure of the harvest, the yield and quality of winter wheat grain are highlighted. The author made a recommendation to increase the yield and quality of winter wheat grain by choosing good precursors.</p> <p>The monograph can be used as a teaching aid for students, undergraduates, doctoral students, researchers of agricultural universities, colleges, farmers and managers of agricultural production.</p> ORIPOV R. BURIEV A A Copyright (c) 2021 ORIPOV R., BURIEV A A 2021-12-31 2021-12-31 ALKALOIDS OF RARE PLANTS BELONGING TO THE CATEGORY COCCULUS, MAGNOLIA AND ANNONA <p>This monograph is devoted to the study of the chemistry of erythrine alkaloids introduced into the conditions of Uzbekistan by the scientists of Cocculus laurifolius DC and FA Botanical Garden of the Republic of Uzbekistan (climatized), purified from medicinal, rare plants, and the results of scientific research carried out by researchers and authors in the field of alkaloid chemistry for many years have been In the scientific paper, the authors described the separation of alkaloids from plants, their identification, the identification of chemical structures of new alkaloids using modern physico-chemical tests (UB-,IR-, PMR - and mass-spectroscopy methods) and fine chemical reactions.</p> <p>This scientific booklet is an important scientific and literary resource for scientific staff engaged in chemistry of natural compounds , high-level students of universities and Masters.</p> R. ZIYAYEV O.PANJIYEV Z.RUZIYEVA A.PANJIYEV Y. XIDIROVA Copyright (c) 2021 R. ZIYAYEV; O.PANJIYEV, Z.RUZIYEVA, A.PANJIYEV, Y. XIDIROVA 2021-12-31 2021-12-31 THE STUDY OF RURAL DEVELOPMENT POLICY FOR UZBEKISTAN: BASED ON MODEL OF SAEMAUL UNDONG <p>The aim of this study is to study on the active role of government and participation of people in rural development and compared the Saemaul Undong Rural Development with that of the Uzbekistan’s rural development model. The results showed similarit ies in terms of the central and local government partnership towards cooperation; rural development structures by active participation; increase in household-income; as well as political and economic perspectives. However, in the field of policy implementation, it was found that both countries possessed its&nbsp; own uniqueness in operation and management. From the study, it was found that each and every country cannot use the exact Korean SMU model. Thus, the success of its implementation depends on the proper modification and adaptation; taking into consideration the socio-political and economics aspects of each and every country before its application.</p> Bakhodirjon Bobokhujaev Copyright (c) 2021 OBIDKHON MUMINOV 2021-12-31 2021-12-31 THE PAIN OF GROWTH POEMS <p>Sanjar is an active member of the Shalola circle. His pen was sharpened at Samarkand State University.With his perception of the world as a young writer separately. He believes in miracles and marvel at this bright world lives. So is his imagination The border is wide and transparent.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Sanjar Isomiy Copyright (c) 2021 Sanjar Isomiy 2021-12-31 2021-12-31 ULTRASOUND DIAGNOSTICS OF CORONAVIRUS INFECTION IN CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASES AND THEIR PHARMACOTHERAPY <p>An epidemic hit the People's Republic of China at the end of 2019 a new coronavirus infection with an epicenter in Wuhan (province Hubei), the causative agent of which was assigned the temporary name 2019-nCoV.On February 11, 2020, the World Health Organization gave the official name of the infection caused by the new coronavirus is COVID-19 (Coronavirus Disease 2019). 11 February 2020 International the virus taxonomy committee gave the causative agent an officialname - SARS-CoV-2.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Baratova Mehriban Subidinovna Copyright (c) 2021 Baratova Mehriban Subidinovna 2021-12-31 2021-12-31 DEVELOPMENT OF PATRIOTISM IN STUDENTS AND INCREASING PERSONAL RESPONSIBILITY <p>Today, the place of Uzbekistan in the world political arena and its role in external cooperation have reached an important stage. In recent years, rapid and radical changes have taken place in all areas. The past period of independence has revealed many shortcomings and achievements, since the abolition of the cotton monopoly and gaining independence alone is not enough to build a new level of public life in the country. Therefore, our esteemed President Shavkat Mirziyoyev thought deeply about these issues and carried out serious reforms. It is no exaggeration to say that the "Strategy of Action" for the development of Uzbekistan, the development of 5 initiatives of a complex social and spiritual nature, was a locomotive in all spheres of domestic policy. As part of the implementation of a new policy in our region based on the principles of openness and mutual consideration of national interests, our Armed Forces have established and are strengthening close partnerships with their colleagues in all Central Asian countries. Over the past years, we have conducted a number of joint training sessions. We also organized visits of high-ranking military delegations and exchanged experience in operational and combat training. Today our growing cooperation is becoming an important factor in ensuring regional security and stability, peace and tranquility in our common home called Central Asia.</p> UZAKOV AKROM AVAZOVICH MANSUR KHURRAMOV Copyright (c) 2021 UZAKOV AKROM AVAZOVICH, MANSUR KHURRAMOV 2021-11-29 2021-11-29 THE PHILOSOPHY OF BLESSEDNESS OF ABU HAMID GHAZALI <p>In the monograph, the great thinker and philosopher of the Eastern Renaissance, jurist and Sufi Abu Hamid Ghazzali's philosophical and mystical views on the philosophy of happiness, the importance of science and practice in human perfection, self-education and peace of mind. The monograph is intended for students interested in the history of philosophy, philosophy of mysticism and the scientific, cultural and spiritual heritage of the Middle East, as well as students majoring in social sciences and humanities.</p> DAVRONBEK KODIROV Copyright (c) 2021 DAVRONBEK KODIROV 2021-11-29 2021-11-29 DEVELOPMENT OF THERMOSTABILIZERS FOR POLYVINYL CHLORIDE BASED ON SECONDARY MODIFIED PRODUCTS <p>The monograph summarizes the results of the research development thermal stabilizers for polyvinyl chloride based on secondary modified products. The aim of the study was to create highly efficient chemically modified thermo stabiliser congestion for polyvinyl chloride based on production waste product - T and gossypol resin and development of new formulations, technologies for their production.</p> LUTFULLAEV S.SH. Copyright (c) 2021 LUTFULLAEV S.SH. 2021-11-29 2021-11-29 Level of Understanding of Selected Grade 9 Students of West Fairview High School in Terms of Social Rights, Duties, and Responsibilities <p><strong>ISBN: Pending (Application Submitted by Publisher)</strong></p> <p>Values Education is one of the subjects that children must take at public schools. In the K to 12 curriculum, Values Education developed into Edukasyon sa Pagpapahalaga, which was subsequently modified to Edukasyon sa Pagpapakatao (EsP). It enables the teachers to assist pupils in developing their values, attitudes, and habits in order for them to become good citizens of the country. This is where EsP plays a critical role in shaping students to be contributors to society's growth. Society's development does not have a predefined feature since it is the product of a consensus among its members.</p> <p>Inadequate knowledge of the strategies teachers can use with various types of learners, a lack of understanding of the nature of the subject due to irrelevant field of specialization, and, most importantly, the limited time available to teach the subject, particularly during distance learning due to COVID-19 are the reasons that triggered the interest of the researcher to determine the level of understanding of selected Grade Nine (9) students of West Fairview High School in terms of Social Rights, Duties and Responsibilities of each individual in our present society.</p> <p>To come up with the study's objectives, the research considers related reading materials from books, the internet, journals, magazines, and abstracts, both published and unpublished. The study's proponent thought it was useful in getting a more in-depth discussion of the research topic. Furthermore, the researcher utilized Descriptive Research Design to systematically to describe a situation, problem and phenomenon. Purposive sampling method we’re also being utilized in this study so that the researcher can freely choose the respondent selectively. Also, both face-to-face learning were also assessed.</p> <p>The research finds out that in understanding social rights, duties and responsibilities through definition; student-respondents have fundamental knowledge in social rights, while conceptual knowledge on both social duties and social responsibilities. Furthermore, in understanding social rights, duties and responsibilities through actual situations; student-respondents have conceptual knowledge in defining social rights, while fundamental knowledge on both social duties and social responsibilities. Among the three, social rights, duties and responsibilities; it was social rights to which students better defined in comparison to the duties and responsibilities.</p> <p>The goal of education is to develop the holistic skills and ability of the students which includes intellectual skills, emotional skills and behavioral skills. Edukasyon sa Pagpapakatao curriculums have gained so much interest for more than a decade past wherein it is intended to produce students who are thoughtful, ethical, morally responsible, community oriented, and self-disciplined that why upon the recommendation, the research recommends that to combine effective and efficient teaching techniques or teaching materials in remote learning toward face-to-face learning, as distance learning has been shown to be superior than conventional learning in terms of evaluation.</p> AILYN FILLARCA GASPAR Copyright (c) 2021 AILYN FILLARCA GASPAR 2021-11-29 2021-11-29 PROGRAMMING AND ROBOTICS BASED ON STEAM LEARNING <p>This monograph shows the integration of the latest information technologies and computer programs with F. Froebel's methodology in the early period of early childhood education in children's educational institutions. The famous teaching method of F. Froebel, his exercises and "gifts" with the help of which the child begins to cognize objects and the world around him in general, is well known. He begins to get acquainted with objects, understanding their properties of smoothness, roughness, and then roundness, sharp edges and other properties. Fröbel's "gifts" gradually prepare the child and introduce him to the world of interest to him. ... The most interesting is the use of the latest information technologies, platforms, sites for the development of the child along with these gifts. Computer programs and websites created by the author will come to the rescue here. Ready-made online resources of other scientists and educators. As a result of the research, the author determined the effectiveness of integrated teaching of children by F. Froebel's method in the environment of information technologies and computer programs, proving the effectiveness of integrated teaching with updated modern methods.</p> GULSHOD YUNUSOVA Copyright (c) 2021 GULSHOD YUNUSOVA 2021-11-20 2021-11-20 ENHANCEMENT OF VOCABULARY THROUGH LANGUAGE GAMES AT ELEMENTARY LEVEL <p>English is being used all over the world as an international language. It has become a Lingua Franca and a language of greater opportunities. It also enjoys a supreme status in society. Its sound knowledge is a successful passport for any job. For learning any language, both the oral and written skills are of equal importance. In fact, learning a second language is never easy. Learners have to wrestle with new vocabulary, rules of grammar, pronunciation and more. In learning a second language, vocabulary is the most paramount part. It is the soul and essence of a language. The current study “Enhancement of Vocabulary through Language Games at Elementary Level” was designed to enhance the vocabulary of the learners skillfully. The researcher selected this area for her research as she thinks that vocabulary plays very important role in acquiring language. That is why it is very important to investigate the most effective ways to improve vocabulary acquisition. This study created an awareness among the elementary level teachers how they can develop English vocabulary of their students. The objectives of the study were to enhance English vocabulary in students by using language games and to make effective use of such games to improve vocabulary of students at elementary level. Data collected was analyzed. It was concluded that when a teacher creates a learning environment in the classroom by using interesting games then naturally the students' response is positive. Based on the findings, the researcher recommends that English language teachers should use language games for teaching English in general and for improving vocabulary in particular at elementary level. They should also motivate the students by using games through pair work and group work in the classroom. The public schools may be equipped with libraries, language labs and audio-visual materials such as tape recorder, video-player, overhead projector, multi-media and such facilities may properly be used for developing vocabulary of elementary level students in English.</p> Mamoona Hanif Copyright (c) 2021 Mamoona Hanif 2021-11-18 2021-11-18 USING AFFIXES TO ENRICH ESL LEARNERS’ VOCABULARY AT ELEMENTARY LEVEL <p>English is being used all over the world as an international language. It has become a Lingua Franca and a language of greater opportunities. It also enjoys a supreme status in society. Its sound knowledge is a successful passport for any job. For learning any language, both the oral and written skills are of equal importance. In fact, learning a second language is never easy. Learners have to wrestle with new vocabulary, rules of grammar, pronunciation and more. In learning a second language, vocabulary is the most paramount part. It is the soul and essence of a language. It is also first and leading stair in a language acquisition. Its knowledge plays an important role in almost all areas of language. So, the whole process of learning a language depends on learning its vocabulary. The current study evaluates the ways to improve vocabulary through affixes at elementary level. It was an experimental type of research based on quantitative research approach. One hundred students and thirty teachers from Bahawalnagar participated in this study. Experimental research with pretest posttest design was used. The data were collected through tests. The findings of the study revealed a significant improvement in vocabulary using affixes. The effectiveness of the study was also confirmed when the scores of the experimental group pre-test were compared with the scores of its post-test. The high mean of the scores recorded by the experimental group is likely due to the influence of the suggested affixes technique which proved to be a fertile teaching and learning aid that enhances both conscience learning and subconscious acquisition of vocabulary. It is recommended that quizzes, exercises and tests for affixes should be used to enhance the vocabulary among students. The recommendations and findings of this study should be taken into careful consideration and steps should be taken to implement those in our classrooms. If implemented intentionally, it is expected that the state of the teaching and learning of vocabulary skills at elementary level will be improved remarkably.</p> Farrukh Ghani Chishti Copyright (c) 2021 Farrukh Ghani Chishti 2021-11-18 2021-11-18 IMPROVING THE TREATMENT TACTICS OF CHRONIC PELVIC PAIN CAUSED BY ADNEXITIS <p>The monograph presents the results of clinical laboratory and instrumental research, an assessment of the therapeutic the effectiveness of the use of intravaginal electrotherapy for women with chronic salpingo-oophoritis, complicated pelvic pain.The monograph is intended for obstetricians and gynecologists, family doctors, physiotherapists who provide treatment women with inflammatory diseases of the genital organs, and also for magistracy residents, clinical residents and &nbsp;5-6 year students.</p> Zakirova N.I. Akhtamova N.A Zakirova F.I Copyright (c) 2021 Zakirova N.I., Akhtamova N.A, Zakirova F.I 2021-11-17 2021-11-17 IMPROVING NARRATIVE WRITING SKILLS THROUGH STORIES AT ELEMENTARY LEVEL <p>As a productive skill, writing is a crucial skill to master in order to be successful in one’s academic pursuits. Due to its importance, writing is an important skill cultivated in an English language classroom at elementary level. The impact of materials upon the development of Second language teaching and learning is unavoidable. On the other hand, the commercialization of education has resulted with a plethora of materials flooding the language development arena, each claiming to be effective in its own way. As a result, field practitioners are facing a new dilemma; identifying the ‘best’ materials for their classes. Thus, it is beneficial for practitioners to acquire the knowledge of how such materials are produced. Such knowledge would develop the teachers’ ability to evaluate the potential of a teaching material and perhaps develop oneself. Stories are considered by many to be an important skill for narrative writing, and some have argued that the teaching of stories might help students avoid copying from source texts. This research work presents the results of using stories in the classrooms to improve the writing skills of the students. The students in the study found the skills taught to them useful, and they were able to apply them in a limited way. However, the results from the study indicated that the skills did not help the students equally. Students’ perception of their confidence in their learning abilities and the task assigned may not accurately reflect their writing skills. The researcher highlighted students’ perception of the skills taught to them and whether these skills actually helped them to become better narrative writer. Furthermore, stories are even claimed to be more effective in language teaching than traditional teaching methods. It was concluded that story telling is a potential source for the students to improve their writing skills. Based on the findings, the researcher recommends that English language teachers should use stories for teaching English in general and for teaching writing skills in particular at elementary level</p> Hina Saleem Copyright (c) 2021 Hina Saleem 2021-11-17 2021-11-17 TASTING THE PICKLES OF HISTORY: A POSTCOLONIAL STUDY OF BURNT SHADOWS BY KAMILA SHAMSIE <p>This explanatory research analyses the effects of cultural hybridity upon identity within the field of Post colonialism in Kamila Shamsie’s novel Burnt Shadows. To highlight the hybrid identity of a postcolonial subject the writer focuses on the different cultures of the world namely the Indian, the Pakistani, the English, and the American. Post colonialism is a specifically postmodern intellectual discourse that consists of reaction to analysis of the cultural legacy of colonialism. It aims at combating the legacies of colonialism on culture. The area of the research is ‘Cultural Studies’. Postcolonial world is a culturally hybrid world in which hybridization or the process of culture mixed-ness is always on the move. I seek to apply Homi K. Bhabha’s theory of ‘Cultural Hybridity’ on Kamila Shamsie’s novel Burnt Shadows. Culture hybridity and identity cannot be separated from one another as there is no concept of the one without the other. By applying the concepts of hybridity, ambivalence and liminality by Homi K. Bhabha it seeks to explore the different factors within different cultures of the world which promote cultural hybridity and consequently exert their influence upon identity.</p> Sadia Komal Copyright (c) 2021 Sadia Komal 2021-11-17 2021-11-17 Design of Direct Sequence Spread Spectrum System Using Amplitude Shift Keying Modulation <p>Spread band procedures invented in response to the requirements of military telecommunications. They are founded on signaling arrangements which significantly enlarge the transmitted spectrum qualified to the data rate. In current years, several members of the public customs of spread band were originate. There is increasing concentration in these techniques for custom in mobile, networks, radio and mutually telecommunication and placement claims in satellites. This book primarily essences on civilian submission of direct categorization spread spectrum.</p> <p>Because DS spread spectrum has roughly compensations over other categories of spread spectrum modulation techniques such as best noise, anti-jam performance, it is the most difficult to intercept and fights well against multi-path effect. AMATLAB- Simulink instrument is castoff for manipulative DS-SS structure to attain system restriction and to examination the effect of signals on system. The system was considered with data proportion (100 Kb/s) and pseudo-Noise (PN) through cryptograph rate (5MHZ), 126 bits highest direct code.</p> <p>The system was designed using amplitude shift keying (ASK) straight classification banquet band system. Then presentation estimation was established via simulating the proposal to contract the received information which compare through the transmitted information.</p> Khalid Awaad Humood Tahreer Mahmood Hayder Khaleel AL-Qaysi Copyright (c) 2021 Khalid Awaad Humood, Tahreer Mahmood, Hayder Khaleel AL-Qaysi 2021-11-16 2021-11-16 CHEMISTRY AND TECHNOLOGY OF OBTAINING THE DEFOLIANT <p>The monograph summarizes the author's many years of scientific work. In him describes defoliants widely used in cotton picking,grown in Uzbekistan, their main components, as well as chemical properties of the defoliant production process and production technology defoliants. This scientific work is a complex research on the development of basic technical culture Of the Republic of Uzbekistan - to cotton growing. The monograph examines innovative development strategies cotton growing and production of defoliants. Provided information on innovative technologies of mechanization of timely cotton picking, grown in Uzbekistan.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Yusupov A.Kh Copyright (c) 2021 Yusupov A.Kh 2021-11-11 2021-11-11 FRICTION IN ENGINEERING <p>This monograph examines theoretical and practical issues of sliding friction, rolling, spinning, rest, balance at the presence of sliding friction, slip issues during friction rolling, friction of the thread on a cylindrical surface, relative sliding of the roller surface, rolling of an absolutely rigid roller,body balance on a rough surface, angle and cone of friction, jumps under friction, the law of Amonton-Coulomb, Hooke, Morena, etc.The monograph was reviewed and approved at a meeting of the department"Applied Mechanics", recommended for publication in the open press and submitted to the methodological commission of the Faculty of Mechanics and Engineering.The monograph was reviewed and approved at a meeting of the methodological commission of the Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, recommended forpublished in the open press and submitted for consideration methodical council Fer PI.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Khalilov Z.Sh Tojiboev B.T Umarov B.T T.S Nabiev Copyright (c) 2021 Khalilov Z.Sh, Tojiboev B.T, Umarov B.T; T.S Nabiev 2021-11-11 2021-11-11 SPECIFIC APPROACHES TO THE METHODOLOGY OF TEACHING ENGLISH AT HIGHER EDUCATION SYSTEM <p>This monograph is devoted to the problem of the use of new educational technologies in teaching English in higher education system. In the monograph, the English language lessons are considered the most modern and promising pedagogical technologies that contribute to intensification of the educational process and activity.</p> Jabbarova A.J Axmedova M.X Copyright (c) 2021 Jabbarova A.J, Axmedova M.X 2021-11-11 2021-11-11 GEOPARK <p>Geopark is an area or area that consists of several geological heritage sites that have uniqueness, scarcity, or protected geological beauty. The existence of geopark has its value for education, science, culture, and also socio-economic development. As evidence of past events, the geopark provides information about the earth's history and may not only have geological links but still present archaeological, ecological, historical, or cultural value (Patzak and Eder, 1998). Another definition of the geopark is a region with various sites that have international geological connotations managed with the concept of comprehensive sustainable development (Nikolava and Sinnyovsky, 2019). The application of the concept of geopark in several countries in Europe was not enough to make geopark known to the public. The formation of geopark in an area also has some influences that need to be considered, in line with the developments in the scope of geopark can also increase anthropogenic pressures on the environment and can be a threat to sensitive biodiversity. Therefore, in the formation and development of geopark, it is necessary to have a strong methodological approach as well as very well-defined measures. For the management of geopark that pays close attention to sensitive environments and in particular protected plants and animals and is very vulnerable to human activities, and other important cultural sites. International programs aimed at recognizing sites that have geological or geomorphological substances seem less developed than biological conservation. The biodiversity protected is known by various designations such as World Heritage, Ramsar, and Human and Biosphere Reserve (MAB). World Heritage conferences can identify geological and geomorphological values either directly or indirectly. Direct identification of these values can be through geological formations and physiography of extraordinary value</p> Siti Aqdawiya Pakaya Moh. Al-Fayedh Juhriana Yusuf Ifhazrin Nurjana Bilal Aditya Yuriadi Andi Fahmi A. Hakim Rohmat Setiawan Dwingik Moh Syach L. Lasahido Moehammad Jasim Agi Saputra Mohammad Ichsan Alfaritzy Jayanti Rauf Fikri Boften Naafi' Syahna Firdhaus Biya Yustina Damogalad Intan Noviantari Manyoe Muhamad Danial Suma Intan Noviantari Manyoe Copyright (c) 2021 Moh. Al-Fayedh 2021-10-27 2021-10-27 Chemical Structure of Flavonoids Vexibia Alopecurides (L.) Yakovl <p>The relevance of research. Plants are capable of synthesizing thousands phenolic compounds. Among them, flavonoids play an important role in processes of growth and development, immunity and adaptation of plants. Many phytoalexins and allelochemicals are flavonoid in nature. Possessing a wide range of pharmacological activity, flavonoids are used in medicine as choleretic, hepatoprotective, antiulcer, capillary strengthening agents. Successful combination low toxicity and high pharmacological activity makes them extremely promising for use in medical practice for the prevention and treatment of a number of serious diseases. In recent years among them, a number of substances with antitumor, hypoazotemic and tonic properties.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> S. S. YUSUPOVA E.Kh.BATIROV D.K.KHOLMURADOVA M.K.KAMARIDDINZODA Copyright (c) 2021 S. S. YUSUPOVA, E.Kh.BATIROV, D.K.KHOLMURADOVA, M.K.KAMARIDDINZODA 2021-10-17 2021-10-17 Effects of Av Aids on ESL Learners’ Vocabulary Skills: An Investigation <p>The current study “Effects of Av Aids on ESL Learners’ Vocabulary Skills: An Investigation” was designed to enhance the vocabulary of the learners skillfully. The researcher selected this area for his research as he thinks that vocabulary plays very important role in acquiring language. That is why it is very important to investigate the most effective ways to improve vocabulary acquisition. This study created an awareness among the secondary level teachers how they can develop English vocabulary of their students. The main objective of the study was to make effective use of Av. aids to improve vocabulary of the students at secondary level. The population of the current study was the students of grade-9 from Govt. Boys High School Galeywal, Govt. Girls High School Galeywal &amp; The City Foundation School, Galeywal. The study adopted pretest-posttest control group experimental design. Three secondary schools were purposively selected and randomly assigned to experimental and control groups. The experimental group was exposed to learn vocabulary with the help of Av. aids while the control group was exposed to learn vocabulary through traditional ways. To explain the students who received the independent variable 'pictures' recorded high scores and significantly out-performed than the scores of the control group who had no practice of the Av. aids and practiced vocabulary through traditional method. The effectiveness of the study was also confirmed when the scores of the experimental group pre-test were compared with the scores of its post-test. Data collected was analyzed. There was a significant main effect of treatment on the vocabulary learning of secondary level students. It was concluded that when a teacher creates a learning environment in the classroom by using interesting Av. aids then naturally the students' response is positive. Based on the findings, the researcher recommends that English language teachers should use Av. Aids for teaching English in general and for improving vocabulary in particular at secondary level. They should also motivate the students by using Av. aids in the classroom. The public iii schools may be equipped with libraries, language labs and audio-visual materials such as tape recorder, video-player, overhead projector, multi-media and such facilities may properly be used for developing vocabulary of secondary level students in the subject of English. Curiosity and creativity of the students should be encouraged through the use of Av. aids in group-work and pair-work techniques. The recommendations and findings of this study should be taken into careful consideration and steps should be taken to implement those in our classrooms. If implemented intentionally, it is expected that the state of the teaching and learning of vocabulary skills at secondary level will be improved remarkably.</p> Sadia Kanwal Dr. Muhammad Safdar Bhatti Copyright (c) 2021 Sadia Kanwal ; Dr. Muhammad Safdar Bhatti 2021-10-11 2021-10-11 PUSH AND PULL FACTORS OF NEGATIVE SOCIAL BEHAVIORS AMONG SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS IN DISTRICT BAHAWALPUR <p>This research was entitled “Push and Pull factors of negative social behaviors among Secondary school students in District Bahawalpur”. Major purpose of the study was to investigate the nature and causes of negative social behavior of secondary school students. The study also intended to provide some suggestions to eradicate causes of negative behaviors among the students. The review of related literature supported in drawing theoretical foundations of the study. The research focused to examine current situation of the students’ behaviors and factors influencing theses behavior. Survey method was used to gather required information. The 500 students and 120 teachers were randomly selected from the secondary schools of district Bahawalpur. Similarly 290 parents of sampled students were also approached to collect information. Three separate questionnaires were constructed and administered to the students, teachers and parents in this regard. The questionnaires focused on examining the roots of different negative social behaviors of secondary school students and factors that promote or reduce their existence among the students. The collected data were recorded in SPSS files. The findings unveil various factors that play role in developing negative social behaviors among the secondary school students. The major factors, in this regard, are lack of parents’ awareness of their siblings attitudes, teachers’ weakness in controlling the students’ behaviors and misinterpretation of social norms. The study recommends that parents and teachers should understand the needs and psychology of learners and behave friendly with them. They should also present themselves as a role model for the students. They must try to provide the students basic Islamic knowledge, and understanding of social norms, rituals and traditions. Parents and teachers should appreciate their children when they behave well. This strategy will serve as a positive reinforcement to the young ones. School can play positive role to eradicate negative behaviors among the students. Schools should arrange games and co-curricular activities for promoting positive social behaviors among the students.</p> Shaista Noreen Dr. Muhammad Safdar Bhatti Copyright (c) 2021 Shaista Noreen ; Dr. Muhammad Safdar Bhatti 2021-10-11 2021-10-11 Impact of Personality Traits of Secondary School Teachers on Students’ Achievement in Punjab <p>As we know that teachers’ personality has a significant role in improving students’ learning achievements in a broad sphere of teaching-learning process. It plays a major role in creating a friendly, satisfactory or encouraging learning environment for students. In this context, this study is performed in conformity with analyzed teachers’ personality traits to recommend its impact on students’ learning achievement. This study is based on mixed method approach. The population of the study comprised of all the students, their teachers and head teachers (headmaster/ headmistress) of secondary schools. Multi-stage sampling technique was used to draw the true representative sample from the population. The respondents were taken from 12 districts i.e. Bahawalpur, Lodhran, Vahari, Attock, Chakwal, Toba Take Singh, Gujarat, Jhang, Sargodha, Rajan pur, Muzafar Garh, D.G Khan Tehsils of Punjab. Two questionnaires were used in the study as a research tool, one for teachers and one for students. The questionnaire for teachers and students was based on an adapted personality measure scales. The researcher has adapted the standardized personality questionnaire of John and Srivastava Big Five Inventory (1999). It was designed to measure extroversion, agreeableness, conscientiousness, neuroticism, and openness for analyzing personality traits of secondary school teachers, this version of the tool has already used in many studies to measure the personality traits of a person. An interview protocol was once developed for the head teacher and observation checklist to analyze teachers’ personality and behavior in the classroom. Academic achievement scores of these students were also taken from students’ previous class form Boards of Intermediate and Secondary Education (BISE). The study consisted of entire subjects the teacher teaches in secondary classes. All research instruments were validated through applying factor analysis and Pearson correlation coefficient for constructs. Reliability of tools was determined via calculating Cronbach’s Alpha value. SPSS (Statistical Package for Social Sciences) software program was used to analyze the accumulated data. To analyze information means score, t-test and one-way ANOVA was used for the calculations. Responses from the semi[1]structured interviews and open-ended questions were used to analyze qualitative information. Both interview and observation were analyzed through the qualitative method of data analysis. The findings of the study reveal that only one unit in teachers’ personality will cause to increase in students’ performance. Openness has a significant positive effect on the students’ performance. The results demonstrate that teachers’ personalities indicate no significant effect on students’ performance. The findings expressed that students’ marks in the subject are not dependent on teachers’ personality. The correlation illustrates that there is a weak inverse correlation between extroversion and agreeableness while, neuroticism and agreeableness are moderate positive whereas, neuroticism and extroversion are very weakly positive. Openness has an inverse weak correlation with agreeableness, weak correlation with extroversion and very weak association with neuroticism. Conscientiousness has a weak correlation with extroversion and neuroticism and weak association with openness. Moreover, students’ marks in BISE exams have a very weak association with extroversion, openness, and overall personality. Finally, there is also a need that teacher must be hardworking, dedicated, and create a peaceful learning environment in the classroom which builds positive attitudes among students to foster their - learners and employ appropriate teaching methods. To improve the quality of education, the government should improve the recruitment policy and selection should be based on merit. The government should also organize different academic workshops and seminars for teachers on regular basis for their professional development. Based on the results of the observation, teachers need to be more enthusiastic and kind with student and should be active in classroom.</p> SHAISTA NOREEN DR. MUHAMMAD SAFDAR BHATTI Copyright (c) 2021 SHAISTA NOREEN ; DR. MUHAMMAD SAFDAR BHATTI 2021-10-11 2021-10-11 PRE-SERVICE TEACHERS’ ATTITUDE TOWARDS INTERCULTURAL COMMUNICATIVE COMPETENCE IN THE TEACHING/LEARNING OF ENGLISH AS FOREIGN LANGUAGE <p>The relationship of culture, language and literature are amalgamated in every society. Relationship between these elements cannot be underestimated. Culture reflects in every aspect of the society i.e. language, religion, social life style of people, art, literature etc. People of a community symbolize their culture. Language bridges communication between different people and societies (Patil, 2015). The current study is based on pre-service English teachers’ cross-sectional survey to determine their attitude toward the variant aspects of Intercultural Communicative Competence (ICC) in the teaching of English as foreign language (EFL) in Pakistan. A self-structured questionnaire was used to collect the data. The results of the survey include teachers’ perception about EFL and their attitude towards ICC in the teaching of EFL. Reasons for learning English by Pakistani pre-service teachers are also included in the study which determine that vocational purpose tops the list among various given causes. The population of the current study included the future English teachers. The study was limited to the higher education institutes in the Southern Punjab, Pakistan. The sample of the study consisted of the students of English language studying at graduate level in the Southern Punjab Universities. The collected and tabulated data revealed that major part of the population was from urban background. Only a few of them had been to some English speaking country. Reading was decided as the major proficient language skill and the participants were least proficient in speaking. They considered language as the chief epitomizing symbol of a culture. The majority of the participants were learning English for occupational intentions. They believed that English is an international xiv language. It is not the language of any particular country or nation and professional success in the modern world demands proficiency. The participants had a positive attitude towards the learning of different cultural aspects of major English speaking countries to boost their communication skills in the natural situations. Further, the researcher also found that there was a significant relationship between the pre-service teachers’ attitude toward Intercultural Communicative Competence (ICC) and their language proficiency and educational qualification. However pre-service teachers’ residential background, age group, medium of instruction, language learning experience and gender differences had no significant effect on their attitude towards ICC on the teaching/learning of English as foreign language.</p> Zahida Parveen Dr. Muhammad Safdar Bhatti Copyright (c) 2021 Zahida Parveen ; Dr. Muhammad Safdar Bhatti 2021-10-11 2021-10-11 DIAGNOSTIC ANALYSIS OF COMMUNICATIVE COMPETENCE IN THE PROFESSIONAL ACTIVITY OF FUTURE DOCTORS <p>The monograph focuses on the development of communicative competence in the preparation of medical students for professional activity, including a modernized mechanism of verbal and nonverbal communication in future doctors, their strategic and methodological competencies, reflection development competencies, indicators of professional competence development, communicative competence, communicative competence. the model of development of communicative competence in preparation of future doctors for professional activity, the purposes, criteria in medical education, the cognitive component structure of communicative competence of medical education students are studied.</p> Kadirova Munira Rasulovna Ergasheva Shahlo Po’latovna Copyright (c) 2021 Kadirova Munira Rasulovna, Ergasheva Shahlo Po’latovna 2021-10-11 2021-10-11 Teaching Writing Skills to SSC Students Studying English as a Subject <p>English language runs like blood in the veins of nations worldwide (Ahmed &amp; Rao, 2012). As a result, the demand for English language has increased to the extent that it requires the citizens of modern societies to be proficient enough in order to be successful in their academic and professional careers (Muhammad,2011). In order to get success and to pursue their studies further, students are required to write with precision and originality and read with an appropriate level of comprehension (Nasir, Naqvi &amp; Bhamani,2013).As a global medium of communication, the importance of English has increased a lot in the present social, political and commercial contexts. With the advancements of IT in various spheres of society, English has become the only language for the world citizens. Because of its international demand and recognition as a world language, English has always been a part of our education system. It is taught as a compulsory subject up to graduation level in Pakistani educational system. Writing is a key skill within the process of learning English language as it offers a way of communicating one’s thoughts and feelings. Pakistani secondary school students require writing skills for a number of educational purposes including writing tasks given by the teachers and taking tests and final examinations (Dar &amp; Khan, 2015). Moreover, for the purpose of developing writing skills, effective reading skills are also required. Reading a variety of genres effectively helps learners to be efficient writers as they learn the sentence structures, vocabulary and style of writing from the texts they read. Thus, both skills are equally important and dependent on each other (Moureau,2015). Despite studying English for over 14 years, majority of students lack required command in English language writing skills to pursue their higher education and professional careers. Moreover, having an asserted focus on English language in Pakistani schools, “The language learners still face difficulties in almost every area: reading, writing, listening, speaking, vocabulary, grammar”(Dar &amp; Khan, 2015, p.122). One reason behind this situation is negligible iii implementation of skill-based language teaching at SSC level because the focus of teachers and students is on completion of syllabus and preparation for board examinations instead of skills building. Since the medium of instruction in many Pakistani secondary level schools is English and resource books and other instructional materials are mostly in English language (Khan, 2013), it is necessary for the students to have command in at least reading and writing skills to comprehend and produce learning at a desirable level. With this background in mind, the current research focused on teaching English writing skills and the problems faced while teaching these skills at SSC level schools in Bahawalpur. So, this study aims at exploring the teachers’ as well as students’ point of view to enhance their teaching and learning writing skills respectively. Because, writing skills play an important role in increasing the students’ level of interest, enjoyment and pleasure towards English as a second language learning. This work also attempted to focus on the results of practicing English language writing skills by interviewing teachers and students in some selective schools of Bahawalpur. The researcher adopted the descriptive analytical approach. The population of the study was (40) secondary level teachers and (300) students of Bahawalpur. The sample was chosen randomly (20) teachers and (200) students of Govt. Junior Model Girls High School Bahawalpur and Computer Age Public School Bahawalpur in the academic year 20116-17. The researcher designed two questionnaires for the students and the teachers to measure the attitudes of teachers about learning English language writing skills and the difficulties and challenges faced by them in teaching this skill in the class. The questionnaires were developed according to the purpose of the study. These questionnaires were distributed among the teachers and the students of secondary level in Bahawalpur and their responses were analyzed statistically. On the basis of the findings of the results, it is shown that writing skills play a key role in the development and enhancement of knowledge of second language at secondary level. The findings also revealed the practices of teaching writing skills iv such as provision of model texts and relevant vocabulary items. The major problems while teaching writing skills were lack of pre-writing activities, learners’ deficient command over vocabulary, grammar, spellings and punctuation, lengthy syllabus and limited time. English Language teachers face many problems in teaching writing skills because they have to deal a large number of students from various backgrounds of languages. Teachers used to give written feedback on students’ work to attain the writing learning outcomes. Moreover, at SSC level, examination is based on textbook. Classroom practices used by teachers were based on examination pattern i.e. use of textbook and help books. The researcher recommends that creative writing can be used as a scaffolding strategy by the students in facilitating their learning and can also be used as a pedagogical tool by the teachers to enhance their learning experience as well as maximize the engagement in the classroom.</p> Quratulain Dr. Muhammad Safdar Bhatti Copyright (c) 2021 Quratulain; Dr. Muhammad Safdar Bhatti 2021-10-10 2021-10-10 EVALUATION OF B.SC ENGLISH TEXTBOOK TAUGHT IN THE AFFILIATED COLLEGES OF IUB: ESL TEACHERS AND STUDENTS PERSPECTIVES <p>Textbooks play a fundamental function in educational programs and language classrooms all over the globe. Textbooks play a significant character in learning teaching method particularly in emergent countries such as Pakistan. Textbooks are extremely accessible and useful resources that teachers and students can exploit according to their requirements. The intention of this study is to evaluate the significance and effectiveness of B.Sc English textbook that is taught in the affiliated colleges of IUB from the ESL teachers’ and students’ perspectives. The assessment of English textbook is conducted on the foundation of five criteria: the collection and association of contents in the textbook, price of the textbook, four skills, grammar and vocabulary, mechanism of the textbook. The study was conducted at three Govt. Colleges of District Rahim yar khan. Quantitative information was obtained through questionnaires administered to 200 students and 20 teachers. Percentages, frequencies, standard deviations and mean were calculated for every item to explain the whole depiction of how the students and teachers rated the textbook in conditions of five criteria. The outcomes discovered that both the students and the teachers felt negative about the majority of the items of the textbook. It was established that both grammar and vocabulary did not fulfill the students’ needs. Majority of the teachers and the students’ mentioned that the textbook material failed to enhance the four language skills. It was also indicated that there were no exercises and activities included in the textbook. Most of the students and all the teachers declared that textbook was not suitable for the level of the students.</p> Zahida Jabeen Dr. Muhammad Safdar Bhatti Copyright (c) 2021 Zahida Jabeen; Dr. Muhammad Safdar Bhatti 2021-10-09 2021-10-09 Texting, Social Media and Literacy: Writing in BS Classroom <p>Writing is a very difficult and complex process. It requires some important skills in order to make it clear and acceptable. It has never been an easy task to achieve especially for second language learners. As a productive skill, it is a crucial skill to master in order to be successful in one’s academic pursuits. Due to its importance, it is an important skill cultivated in an English language classroom at BS level. Within the globalization, new trends of using social media or social networking sites have been recently highlighted. Social media influence peoples’ lives in many aspects including education and English language learning. The Pakistani society is not an exception since Face book among other social media is more and more used, especially in the daily interactions of students among them the BS level students of The IUB. Social media were blamed firstly concerning this phenomenon and hypotheses were made about how modern technologies can affect directly or indirectly the process of writing academically among students. The aim of this study is to make a clear difference between texting and formal writing. Also, make students aware about the importance of writing whether in their personal or educational life. The present study is set out to determine the students’ attitudes towards formal essays mostly in exam papers as well as the functions of social media and how they can affect their formal writing. The current study also aims at studying the phenomenon of texting and its negative impact on students’ academic writing. The researcher thinks that the reasons that lead students to use the form of texting in writing are the lack of concentration, forgetting the form of some words and unconsciousness. The results obtained were analyzed quantitatively and qualitatively, and revealed that most students view that texting impact their writing according to some major reasons which are gaining time, forgetting the form of the words, using it unconsciously and simplicity.</p> Zahida Jabeen Muhammad Safdar Bhatti Copyright (c) 2021 Zahida Jabeen ; Muhammad Safdar Bhatti 2021-10-09 2021-10-09 Investigating the Effectiveness of Process Approach in Teaching of Essay Writing at Elementary Level in Bahawalpur <p>English has been considered the most famous Lingua Franca. It has been learnt and taught all over the world these days. As for as the teaching of English in Pakistan is concerned, it has been taught as a compulsory subject from the start of the educational career until graduation since the establishment of Pakistan. The current study also discusses the importance of teaching of English in Pakistan. As for teaching of English many approaches/ methodologies have been applied, this study has discussed the effectiveness of Process Approach for teaching Essay Writing at Elementary level. The study has been conducted in the city Bahawalpur and the adjacent areas of Bahawalpur. The researcher has used quantitative method of research and has used a structured questionnaire based survey to collect the concerned information on the topic. She collected the data from the semi-govt and private schools of the area where process approach has been used partially or fully. The data has been analyzed through the Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS). The researcher has drawn the conclusion of the study and has also given some suggestions at the end of the study</p> Zahida Parveen Muhammad Safdar Bhatti Copyright (c) 2021 Zahida Parveen; Muhammad Safdar Bhatti 2021-10-08 2021-10-08 ENGLISH FOR SPECIFIC PURPOSE <p>This textbook is intended for graduate students construction and architecture faculties, as well as for students. The tutorial can be used for both practical classes under the guidance of a teacher, and for independent work by those who want to learn to read and translate scientific and technical literature. The main purpose the textbook is to develop reading and comprehension skills original literature This means that due to current forms of economic interaction states a foreign language goes beyond general educational subject at the university and becomes a tool for the formation of a competence specialist new formation.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Ibragimova Dildora Copyright (c) 2021 Abdullaeva D.K. 2021-08-31 2021-08-31 INFLUENCE OF PROCESSING ON THE PROPERTIES OF MEADOW SAZ SOILS <p>The monograph contains the results of many years of research by the authors on the study of various methods of processing lye saz soils and their influence on soil properties. The mechanism of formation of dense soil crust after heavy rains and innovative ways to destruction, ways to increase the yield of cotton and other agricultural crops. The monograph is designed for employees agriculture, teachers, researchers, doctoral students and undergraduates of higher educational institutions</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> R.Zh.Tozhiev O.N. Sulaimonov G.Yuldashev Kh.Kh. Askarov Copyright (c) 2021 R.Zh.Tozhiev, O.N. Sulaimonov, G.Yuldashev, Kh.Kh. Askarov 2021-08-31 2021-08-31 TEACHING AND METHODOLOGICAL GUIDE "SYSTEM ANALYSIS AND THEORY OF ECONOMIC DECISION MAKING" <p>The training manual sets out the methodological principles solving economic problems using methods of system analysis combined with elements of mathematical modeling in the process decision-making provided for by the program of the course "System analysis and theory of decision making ", which in recent years finds a wide range of applications in many sectors of the economy. The relevance of this tutorial is that economists, getting in higher education institutions deep enough classical mathematical training, do not know enough applied mathematical apparatus of system analysis and therefore not use it effectively. This course focuses on the manual is devoted to the presentation of theoretical and applied methods system modeling in the study of problems of economic character, as well as instilling practical skills for acceptance on this the basis of management decisions in conditions of uncertainty and risk.</p> NARZULLAEVA D.K. Copyright (c) 2021 NARZULLAEVA D.K. 2021-08-31 2021-08-31 GAME THEORY <p>Game theory - a mathematical method for studying optimal strategies in games. A game is understood as a process in which two or more parties fighting for the realization of their interests. Each side has a purpose and uses some strategy that can lead to win or lose - depending on the behavior of others players. Game theory helps you choose the best strategies based on ideas about other participants, their resources and their possible deed Game theory course provides an introduction to modeling principles interactions of agents in situations when by their actions they affect each other. During the learning process, students will understand why leading cellular operators are unlikely to be able to receive monopoly profit, why OPEC is not very good at influencing the price of oil, and as well as how to make the right decision in combat conditions or in family circle.</p> Abdullaeva D.K Copyright (c) 2021 Abdullaeva D.K 2021-08-31 2021-08-31 Social Work, Law, Economics, Public Administration Community Participation and Welfare Society <p>The global community is currently facing the Covid-19 Pandemic (the status of pandemic portrays the spreading of a disease among people from many countries at the same time. The confirmation of Corona Virus as a global pandemic was based on the increasement of cases outside China until 13 (thirteen) times and the large amount of infected countries.). Every country still need to concentrate on lowering the curve of the transmission of this deadly virus. According to the latest data issued by the WHO (<em>World Health Organization</em>), until this moment, the total case of Corona Virus infection in the whole world has reached 198.778.175 cases. From that amount, 4.235.559 died because of the disease (data obtained form the World Health Organization (WHO) accessed through <a href=""></a> , last updated on August 3, 2021. This data may rise as the Covid-19 Pandemic has not reach its end in the world).</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Eka Widi Astuti, S.H., M.H Dr Atik Krustiyati, S.H, M.S Dwi Nur Handayani Alfiyah Agussalim Nyoto Budiyanto Ramlani Lina Sinaulan Kristiawanto Mansur Agus Sugiyardi Ridan Muhtadi Marsam Fitria Nur Masithoh Ika Widiastuti Dhyani Widiyanti Hendranto Alfiyah Agussalim Dwi Nur Handayani Dr. Thamrin Pawalluri M Lis M Yapanto Yumanraya Noho Arfiani Rizki Paramata Funco Tanipu Dahniar Th. Musa Vierta Ramlan Tallei Elvi Mokodongan Sardi Salim Zuhriaty Djailani Yusnan Mokoagow Abdi Gunawan Djafar Ernawati Khalih Trumansyahjaya Niniek Pratiwi Nurrizka Febriany Ramdhani Heryati Nurnaningsih N. Abdul Lidya S. Tatura, Satar Saman Bagas Dwi Nurcahyo Copyright (c) 2021 Dr Atik Krustiyati, S.H, M.S, Eka Widi Astuti, S.H., M.H, Dwi Nur Handayani, Alfiyah Agussalim, Nyoto Budiyanto, Ramlani Lina Sinaulan, Kristiawanto, Mansur, Agus Sugiyardi, Ridan Muhtadi, Marsam, Fitria Nur Masithoh, Ika Widiastuti, Dhyani Widiyanti Hendranto, Alfiyah Agussalim, Dwi Nur Handayani 2021-08-27 2021-08-27 Outcome Based Education in Nonformal Education 5.0 Society Era <p>Village-Owned Enterprises (BUM Desa) are Village business institutions managed by the community and the Village Government and are legal entities. The existence of BUM Desa is to strengthen the economy of the Village community and is formed based on the needs and potential of the Village. The problem in this research is the management of financial accountability and the attitude of the implementers, as well as reports on the implementation of BUM Desa. In fact, it is hoped that the existence of BUM Desa will trigger economic growth and be able to encourage the wheels of economic life as well as drive the economy of the Village community. In the management of Village Owned Enterprises, it is not only the BUM Desa administrators who have to struggle to improve the quality of their business units, but support from the Government, both the Village Government and the Regency Government, is needed to be able to help from planning to marketing the products managed by the BUM Desa. The purpose of the study is to examine and explain the management strategy of BUM Desa in realizing an Independent Village. The type of research used is descriptive qualitative, using a case study approach (case study). The focus of the research is the management of BUM Desa. Data obtained through primary and secondary data sources. Data collection techniques through interviews, observations, questionnaires and literature.</p> Hamsu Abdul Gani Andi Abdul Malik Rifdan Rifdan Elihami Elihami Imam Mashudi Asna Aneta Abd. Haris PanaI Novrianty Djafri Suprapto Suprapto Novianty Djafri Wenny Hulukati Taufik Iskandar Ika Widiastuti Himawan Yones Eni Luawo Abdul Rahmat Abd. Hamid Isa Maryam Rahim Tuti Wantu Syarifuddin Miftahul Jannah Hikmatu Ruwaida Madian Munawwarah Ismaniar Nur Hazizah Setiyo Utoyo Fitri Dwi Arini Meylan Saleh Dhyani Widiyanti Misran Rahman Siti Hairunnisa Norfahmi Sulastri Harun Rusmin Husain Qotrun Nada Nafi’ah Elwin Walimatul Fara Stefani Lily Indarto Tri yusnanto Meiskyarti Luma Hadirman Windra Abd. Hamid Isa Nurfadila Antula Rusdin Djibu Rapi Us. Djuko Irfan R Ibura Lina Saptaria Sri Luayyi Fory Armin Nawai Sitti Roskina Mas Muhamad Caesar Musa Elisabeth Surbakti Yesika Hotmaria Lumban Gaol Julietta Hutabarat Dajani Suleman Samsiar RivaI Dra. Dajani Suleman, M.Hum Susanto Yasin Wiwik Ariesta Ira Kusumawaty Idawati Uslan Tri Wahyudi Ramdhan Mudarris Pedro Da Silva Kusnadi Hasia Marto Nadia Fraselia Mega Rahmawati Indri Agustina Edi Rohaedi Nandang Kusnadi Copyright (c) 2021 Andi Abdul Malik, Hamsu Abdul Gani, Rifdan Rifdan, Elihami Elihami, Imam Mashudi, Asna Aneta, Abd. Haris PanaI, Novrianty Djafri, Suprapto Suprapto 2021-08-27 2021-08-27 Nonformal Education-Towards A New Paradigm <p>One of the public education services that can build a learning society is through the Equality Education Program. Equality Education is a non-formal education program that provides general education which includes three levels, those are Package A Program equivalent to SD/MI (Primary Education), Package B equivalent to SMP/MTs (Junior High School) and Package C Equivalent to SMA/MA Program (Senior High School). This program is primarily intended for students who come from communities who do not have the opportunity to study in formal education, drop out of study/dropout, and are of productive age who want to improve their knowledge and life skills, as well as people who require special services to meet their daily needs as a result of the will to increase their standard of living, and development of science and technology.</p> Zulkarnain Anu Abd. Hamid Isa Mahmud Adam Elihami Elihami Rusdin Djibu Hasia Marto Ahmad Ratih Permata Sari Devi Merina Tuz Sa’diyah Jumain Kukuh Miroso Raharjo Zulkarnain Sucipto Dr. dr. Muhammad Isman Jusuf Akhlis Nur Fu’adi Novita Maulidya Jalal Novianty Djafri Wiwik Ariesta ,Arifah Hidayati Asmirin Noor Lita Ariyanti Sri Hartono Nuryati Trimurtini Trimurtini Scolastika Mariani Dwijanto Dwijanto Sutirna Hadromi Hari Bakti Mardikantoro Sri Sumartiningsih Meldy Septiawan Copyright (c) 2021 Abd. Hamid Isa, Zulkarnain Anu, Mahmud Adam, Elihami Elihami, Rusdin Djibu, Hasia Marto, Ahmad, Ratih Permata Sari, Devi Merina Tuz Sa’diyah , Jumain, Kukuh Miroso Raharjo, Zulkarnain, Sucipto 2021-08-27 2021-08-27 Educational Computing in the COVID-19 Era <p>This book is made up of four chapters, which are derived from a part of the content developed in the Learning Unit (LU) of Educational Computing and Mobile Multimedia, which is taught in the Master of Mobile Computer Systems at the Higher School of Computation of the National Polytechnic Institute. Below is a brief overview of the content taught in this learning unit. Initially, the study of historical aspects of computing in the fields of education that takes place in Mexico and around the world is taught in order to expose the work that is currently being developed in both physical and virtual classrooms. Projects that have been developed in support of education using technology are addressed. The psych educational paradigms that base the teaching and learning processes with the use of technology are described, as well as the characteristics of educational software are reviewed along with the methodologies that allow its development and, in a general way, the development of technological resources created for educational purposes.</p> <p><br>In the January-July 2021 school semester, the subject of the use of technology in education during the COVID-19 pandemic was incorporated into the Educational Computing and Mobile Multimedia LU, because all sectors were affected in relation to the sanitary measures that were taken to prevent the spread of the SARS-Cov-2 virus. The main measure was confinement, which is why the face-to-face educational model was replaced by the distance model, thus technology has played an essential role within school performance, from the use of educational platforms through which teachers share teaching materials with their students, to virtual rooms to take online classes, and beyond, the use of virtual worlds.</p> Elena Fabiola Ruiz Ledesma Estefanía Bonilla Álvarez Miguel Santiago Suárez Castañón Emmanuel Quetzalcóatl Castro Munguía Lorena Chavarría Báez Eduardo Rodríguez Espinosa José Ramón Figueroa Flores Juan Jesús Gutiérrez García Copyright (c) 2021 Elena Fabiola Ruiz Ledesma, Estefanía Bonilla Álvarez, Miguel Santiago Suárez Castañón, Emmanuel Quetzalcóatl Castro Munguía, Lorena Chavarría Báez, Eduardo Rodríguez Espinosa, José Ramón Figueroa Flores, Juan Jesús Gutiérrez García 2021-08-19 2021-08-19 Innovation Research in The Era of MBKM <p class="Default" style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size: 10.0pt;">Education and Learning process in higher education always growth and expand. Especially in pandemic Covid -19 situation, higher education have to adapt with situation and innovate with how to deliver knowledge and sharpening skill. However in pandemic Covid-19 situation or crisis always have opportunities to elevate learning method. For Lectures and students cooperate together to make teaching and learning became great experience, and get more knowledge and skill together. In this article, I shared my experience with challenges when delivered Business Plan knowledge and skill, and also how to increase entrepreneurial motivation, skill and entrepreneurial spirit of the students. The strategies with combining teaching and coaching method at Management Department, Universitas Kristen Maranatha in 2021. Hopefully this article can give more information and give insight for other educators who have the same challenges to use the same method or combining coaching method to give better entrepreneurial knowledge, skill, and intention for our students.</span></p> Rene Arthur Palit Maya Malinda Naniwati Sulaiman Gianti Gunawan Olga Catherina Pattipawaej Sinatra Tery Setiawan Antonius Suhartomo Efnie Indrianie Meilani Rohinsa Rosida Tiurma Manurung Seriwati Ginting Miki Tjandra Krismanto Kusbiantoro Cindrawaty Lesmana Irena Vanessa Gunawan SeTin SeTin Copyright (c) 2021 Maya Malinda, Rene Arthur Palit, Naniwati Sulaiman, Gianti Gunawan, Olga Catherina Pattipawaej, Sinatra, Tery Setiawan, Antonius Suhartomo, Efnie Indrianie, Meilani Rohinsa 2021-07-20 2021-07-20 THEORY OF DRYING AND STORAGE OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS <p>The monograph presents the theoretical basis and results of the calculation of the dynamics of heat and moisture migration in biologically active systems during storage (minimum moisture loss) and drying (maximum moisture release) of agricultural products. The advantages of calculating the heat-mass transfer on the basis of the extended thermodynamic potential (moisture potential) of the phases of non-stationary processes are shown. The calculation methods are based on technological, thermophysical, energy and environmental aspects. The monograph emphasizes the theoretical basis of the laws of heat-mass migration processes that occur in biologically active systems on the basis of non-stationary external influences. In particular, calculations have been developed and are scientifically based to minimize moisture release during storage of freshly harvested agricultural products and to ensure maximum moisture release during drying of wet hay.<br>The monograph is primarily based on construction and intended for doctoral students and masters of research engaged in the development of methods for improving the design features and technologies of technological facilities, as well as researchers, masters and bachelors, doctoral students, specialists directly involved in the design and operation of buildings and structures.</p> NAZIROVA R.M. XAMRAKULOVA M.X. USMONOV N.B Copyright (c) 2021 NAZIROVA R.M., XAMRAKULOVA M.X., USMONOV N.B 2021-07-01 2021-07-01 Research Methodology (Concepts and Cases) <p>This study aims to examine and analyze in-depth the elements of efficacy and explore the positive characters embodied in the teaching and learning process in Elementary School Teacher Education, State University of Semarang. Efficacy plays a significant role in everyday life, and a person will be able to use his potential optimally if self-efficacy supports it. One aspect of life that is influenced by self-efficacy is an achievement. Achievement and self-efficacy relate to a person's belief in exercising personal control over motivation, cognition, affection for his or her social environment, being able to carry out tasks, achieve goals, or overcome obstacles. This study uses a phenomenological qualitative approach. The participants were five students, and the data collection process was carried out through interviews, observations, and documentation. The results showed that UNNES Elementary School Teacher Education students directed their actions to positive things based on experience during the learning process</p> Sri Sukasih Noening Andrijati Arini Estiastuti Dewi Nilam Tyas Dr. Muhammad Isman Jusuf Abdul Rahmat Dr. Froilan D. Mobo Dhyani Widiyanti Rina Rosdiana Dadan Suwarna Sandi Budiana Aam Nurjaman Wildan F. Mubarock Elisabeth Surbakti Stefani Lily Indarto Karna Mustaqim Iwan Zahar Dr Atik Krustiyati SeTin Kuswarini Sulandjari Ely Satiyasih Rosali Candrika Adhiyasa Nopriadi Saputra Mansur Dr. Siti Fadjarajani Andy Rachman Dr. Ir. Siti Rochimah Lina Saptaria Rizky Arief Shobirin Suciana Wijirahayu Rokhmani Wa Ode Sifatu Dr. Taha Shabbir Dr. Sabir Ahmed Dr. Sana Shahid Umair Ansari Dr. Arjumand Zehra Dr. Yasmeen Sultana Farooqi Copyright (c) 2021 Sri Sukasih, Noening Andrijati, Arini Estiastuti, Dewi Nilam Tyas, Dr. Muhammad Isman Jusuf 2021-07-01 2021-07-01 THE INFLUENCE OF THE FAMILY ON THE FORMATION STUDENT PERSONALITIES <p>The family is the first basic social stage in human life, which plays a major role in the formation of the consciousness, will and feelings of the child. Parents help their children to acquire the first life experience, acquire skills and abilities in social life. The family can be both a positive factor in upbringing and a negative one, and the main problem is precisely the need to combine the functions of the living environment and the upbringing environment.Thanks to the family, the maintenance of society is carried out, patriotic and civic education, as well as teaching the basics of family relationships are its main functions. Family education, which forms the personality and is received from parents, cannot be fully replaced by the educational process in an educational institution.</p> Rakhmanova Dilfuza Mahmudovna Copyright (c) 2021 Rakhmanova Dilfuza Mahmudovna 2021-06-19 2021-06-19 PYRIMIDINE BASES AND THEIR REACTIVITY <p>In this monograph, the authors systematized and analyzed pyrimidine compounds, scientific literature and total of their own research in the field of fine organic synthesis of new derivatives of pyrimidine base containing oxo, thioxo, amino, methylthio, and selenoxopyrimidinones-4.</p> <p>In addition, the authors have shown that most of the considered compounds exhibit various herbicidal, fungicidal and defoliant properties.</p> <p>Many of them are recommended for use in various branches of science, including medicine, agriculture and folk economy.</p> <p>The monograph will be useful for teachers of chemical and medical universities, as well as scientific colleagues, masters and doctoral students.</p> H. NURBOYEV K. KHALIKOV M. ISAKULOVA D. TOSHMURODOV F. Oripov Copyright (c) 2021 H. NURBOYEV, K. KHALIKOV, M. ISAKULOVA, D. TOSHMURODOV, F. Oripov 2021-06-18 2021-06-18 IMPACT OF ‘OPEN DATA’ ON SOCIAL POLITICAL DEVELOPMENT PROCESS OF UNITED KINGDOM <p>It is very important for any country of the world to undergo developmental projects in order to prosper greatly. They must ensure that their people are living under a good socio-political environment that could grant them safety. However, it varies from region to region and place to place. UK as a country is a big economy which is capable of giving its people the type of security they need. For this purpose, various types of strategies have been emphasized which enable the government to look for the benefit of its people. Open data system is one of these important developments which have been initiated within the setup of UK, that provide huge access to databases. There are online databases which have the potential for empowering their people so that they can move ahead in their lives. It improves their learning and knowledge, and gives them the opportunity to think ‘out of box’. It also brings them the ability to polish their learning skills and take the concession to take things out of their resources and utilize them fully. Although, there is some compulsion on the use of private data sources, yet it is necessary for us to know that not all data are confidential. Hence, this type of open data is integral for the people to get input from and make use of it accordingly. The research looks into the pros and cons of using open data systems to measure its impacts on the social and political development in UK. The use of open data system is not only beneficial for the people to perform their daily life tasks; it is important to evade corruption also. In other words, these open systems foster great accountability of national institutions. So, there is feeble chance of witnessing the element of corruption in the society that could cause chaos in the nation. The use of open data systems is important for creating rapid growth of innovation and creativity. It has been seen to play a big part in establishing a trend of innovative growth pushed by the availability of these resources.</p> Dr. Taha Shabbir Copyright (c) 2021 Dr. Taha Shabbir 2021-05-08 2021-05-08 THE ART OF ENTREPRENEURS TO SURVIVE DURING PANDEMIC COVID-19 <p class="Default" style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size: 10.0pt;">Entrepreneurship as an endeavor to create value through the introduction of business opportunities, appropriate risk-taking management, and through communication and management skills to mobilize people, money, and other raw materials or resources needed to produce projects to run well. An entrepreneur, a person who has sales skills, starts offering ideas up to commodity services. As an independent business actor in the form of health services, he is required to know well business management. A midwife who opens an independent practice in accordance with their expertise can be called an entrepreneur (Vocational entrepreneurship). Entrepreneurship principles that are held firmly, can help the management of the Midwife Practice to be able to produce promising profits. Being a midwife who is superior in the field of entrepreneurship / interprenuership in the form of independent practice is able to create jobs, especially entrepreneurs engaged in midwifery services [1] Midwives as independent business actors are required to be able to be managerial and business executors, supported by the ability to make plans based on a vision that is implemented strategically and have good personal abilities to achieve success. It is hoped that midwives will be able to provide professional health services, be able to manage service management, and have an entrepreneurial spirit [2] Opening an independent home practice, trying to boost new innovations in business management, starting with the existence of capital, medical devices, room arrangement, financial management, and others, so that the expected profit can be realized without reducing the quality of service provided given [3] Opening a Midwife Practice is a form of community service, both from a social perspective and to apply the knowledge that is owned with the hope of increasing the degree of public health, especially maternal and child health. The COVID-19 pandemic situation requires health workers including midwives to adapt to continue to serve patients optimally, providing maternal and child health services from the Independent Midwives Practice (PMB). (ulfah) Based on the central IBI report as of June 7, 2020, there were 974 out of 9,296 PMBs that closed their practice locations. Maternal and child health services at Praktik Mandiri Midwives during the COVID-19 pandemic continue to encourage midwives and patients to continue to carry out services in accordance with health protocols [4]</span></p> Elisabeth Surbakti Irma Irayanti Leni saleh Robetmi Jumpakita Pinem Roymon Panjaitan Sri Mulyono Eska Prima Monique Damarsiwi Mimi Kurnia Nengsih Arleti M. Apin Belinda Sukapura Dewi Ariesa Pandanwangi Nuning Damayanti Intan Noviantari Manyoe Siti Suhartini S. Napu Tiggi Choanji Copyright (c) 2021 Elisabeth Surbakti, Irma Irayanti, Leni saleh, Robetmi Jumpakita Pinem, Roymon Panjaitan, Sri Mulyono 2021-05-07 2021-05-07 COMMUNITY SERVICE IN THE MIDST OF THE COVID-19 <p>Basic health services in Indonesia have not placed adolescent reproductive health as a priority in health services, so it is necessary to carry out health education as an effort to increase knowledge and attitudes among adolescents. The aim of the community service: providing reproductive health education to adolescents, cervical cancer, and anemia in SMA Negeri 1 Kutalimbaru. Education is carried out so that adolescents maintain their reproductive health and are able to prepare themselves as future mothers. Reproductive health education is carried out from August to October 2020 while still implementing health protocols to prevent the transmission of COVID-19. Stages of activity: field observations, identification of partner problems, offering solutions, planning and implementing health education. At the beginning and at the end of the activity, a pre test and post test were carried out. The results obtained: reproductive health in adolescents has a good knowledge of 73%, about 71% good category cervical cancer, and about 75% good knowledge about anemia. The attitude about reproductive health in adolescents is good 73%, about cervical cancer is good 72% and about anemia is good 74%. Reproductive health education activities for adolescents through pocket books to increase the knowledge and attitudes of adolescents in SMA Negeri 1 Kutalimbaru, Deliserdang Regency, an increase occurred. Reproductive health education activities for adolescents need to be carried out continuously by activating School Health Enterprises (UKS) in collaboration with the working area Puskesmas</p> Maida Pardosi Elisabeth Surbakti Efendi Sianturi Andiyan Widyatmike Gede Mulawarman Sitti Inniyah Zulkarnain Anu Choube Abd Hamid Isa Abdul Rahmat Rusdin Djibu Muhamad Danial Suma Cama Juli Rianingrum Ariesa Pandanwangi Intan Noviantari Manyoe Rita Prima Bendriyanti Citra Dewi Desrio Windoro Juwita Bunga Tri Suarningsih Ivan Afrianto Sri Sukasih Alfi Laila Hilmiati Erlinda Ningsih Anindya Rachma Dwicahyani Arlini Dyah Radityaningrum Eky Novianarenti Lusiana Gultom Jujuren Sitepu Missiliana Riasnugrahani Raheni Suhita Budhi Setiawan Ani Rakhmawati Muhammad Rohmadi Sri Hastuti Kundharu Saddhono Muhammad Ismanjusuf Ridawati Sulaeman IGA Puja Warnis Wijayanti Sitti Rusdianah Jafar Fory A. Nawai Nina Lamatenggo Arifin Suking Siti Fadjarajani Ely Satiyasih Rosali Darwis Darmawan Erwin Hilman Hakim Dr. Paulus Tamaka, M.Si Ir. Kaharudin SARDJONO, M.P Abdul Wahab Junaedi Dr. Ir. Budur Latif, MT Rosida Tiurma Manurung Dian Wulandari Sumardi Henny Suharyati Evi Hasim Dajani Suleman Meylan Saleh Suci Siti Lathifah Desti Herawati Rifki Risma Munandar Annisa Nurramadhani Wa Ode Sifatu Tambunan Lis M Yapanto Munirah Tuli Okke Rosmaladewi Didin Wahidin Magfirah Aliyya Nur Imanna Tangahu Firmansjah Hasan Tri Ananda Erwin Nugroho Wa Ode Sifatu Nany Suryawati Shah Mohammad Omer Faruqe Jubaer Nany Surayawati Christian Wahyu Adi Copyright (c) 2021 Elisabeth Surbakti, Maida Pardosi, Efendi Sianturi 2021-04-22 2021-04-22 Analyzing the Utility of Activity Based Learning through Reading Skills at Primary Level <p>As a global medium of communication, the importance of English has increased a lot in the present social, political and commercial contexts. With the advancements of IT in various spheres of society, English has become the only language for the world citizens. Because of its international demand and recognition as a world language, English has always been a part of our education system. It has become a dire need of modern age all over the world. As a receptive skill, reading is a crucial skill to master in order to be successful in one’s academic pursuits. Due to its impact, reading is an important skill cultivated in an English language classroom at primary level. The effectiveness of methods upon the development of Second language teaching and learning is unavoidable. At the other end, the commercialization of education has resulted with a plethora of materials flooding the language development arena, each claiming to be effective in its own way. As a result, field practitioners are facing a new dilemma; identifying the ‘best’ materials for their classes. Thus, it is beneficial for practitioners to acquire the knowledge of how such materials are produced. Such knowledge would develop the teachers’ ability to evaluate the potential of a teaching method and perhaps develop oneself. This research work is an exposure of the theoretical background and the developmental process in the production of reading skills. Some primary schools in Bahawalpur have adopted ABL in their classrooms to improve students’ reading skills. ABL is even claimed to be more effective in language teaching than traditional teaching methods. As this study investigated the utility of ABL about the reading skills of primary level students, it was also designed to maximize reading comprehension skills through activities. In the hypothesis of the study, the researcher suggested that ABL would bring positive change in the students' reading comprehension skills. The study adopted pretest-posttest control group quasi experimental design. Two primary schools were purposively selected and randomly assigned to experimental and control groups.</p> Shahla Bajwa Copyright (c) 2021 Shahla Bajwa 2021-03-26 2021-03-26 Integrating Literature in ESL Classroom: A Survey Study <p>Teachers are perhaps the most critical component of any system of education. How well they teach depends on motivation, qualification, experience, training, aptitude and a host of other factors, not the least of these being the environment and management structures within which they perform their role. One of the main purposes of learning English is the ability to communicate effectively with other users of the target language. Teaching to communicate in real, everyday situations is very often neglected and students have little chance to practice ordinary language in the class. Many factors can cause the problem of the students’ language skills namely the students’ interest, the material, and the media among others including the technique in teaching English. There are many ways that can be done by the students to develop their ability in English. Therefore, teachers ought to provide learners with opportunities to improve their communicative skills. Although Pakistan experienced massive growth in enrollment soon after independence, such exponential growth has been accompanied by manifold challenges and dilemmas. The stimulus for the present study derives from the view that, in order to develop the capacity of students in the ESL language class, the teaching of language should be taught using literary pieces and should move away from a teacher-centered approach towards a student-centered one. Having used an activity-based and process-oriented integrated approach as a framework, the present study illustrated the impact of the proposed way of literature teaching in an ESL context. It was designed to encourage students to experience literary texts directly as a part of a process of meaning creation that develops their thought processes, imaginative faculties and interpretative skills and ultimately has a strong impact on their learning ability. Such a systematic approach to literature teaching in developing learners’ reading skills, therefore, is likely to enable teachers to have a more student-centered classroom. The present study also iii utilizes the devised teaching activities based on prediction initiating personal growth, in an actual teaching learning context in a selected research environment and explores students' responses to the proposed approach. The obtained data of the present study was collected through the administration of questionnaires which were analyzed descriptively. It was designed for the purpose of diagnosing pre-existing the subjects’ achievement in communicative skills. Besides, it is necessary to create an interesting and enjoyable atmosphere in the teaching learning process in order to make the students easier in improving their communicative skills. The findings suggested that application of the teaching approach proposed by the study notably changed the classroom dynamics in a positive way.</p> Majid Iqbal Copyright (c) 2021 Majid Iqbal 2021-03-26 2021-03-26 SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC OPPRESSION OF WOMEN: A MARXIST FEMINISM STUDY OF A DOLL’S HOUSE AND HEDDA GABLER <p>The aim of this research is to illustrate the social and economic oppression of women in the light of Ibsen’s plays A Doll’s House and Hedda Gabler. On the other hand the research is based on the theory of Marxist Feminism which illustrates that the females are exploited socially, economically and morally. At the same time all the female characters especially the main female characters have been shown that they are used mere as a sex tool by the hands of the males and they have left with no choice. Even they are not given the human names rather they are treated as pets and that is the reason that they are not given the human names. Sometimes they are called as skylarks and sometimes dolls. This is the predominant view that females have no identity of their own and the plays under considerations are the true illustration of this view. This study mainly spans over five chapters where first chapter of the study is introduction that gives summary for the upcoming chapters. Second chapter of the study is literature review that contains the reviews of different writers and critics as well as the views of the researcher. However this chapter asserts to what extent the study is related to the reviews and how it is different from them. Third chapter of the study is theoretical framework which illustrates the basic postulates of the theory of feminism and its concerns with the present research. Fourth chapter of the study depicts the patriarchal oppression and women’s identity in A Doll’s House. The fifth chapter of the study is to depict the economic oppression and women’s psychological exploitation in Hedda Gabbler. In the end there is conclusion followed by the references.</p> MAJID IQBAL Copyright (c) 2021 MAJID IQBAL 2021-03-26 2021-03-26 COTTON PRODUCTION TECHNOLOGY <pre class="tw-data-text tw-text-large XcVN5d tw-ta" dir="ltr" data-placeholder="Translation"><span lang="en">This monograph is a scientific study of the growth, development, yield and quality of medium-fiber cotton varieties in the meadow-grass soils of the Zarafshan oasis, the ratio of fertilizers and the impact of irrigation regimes.</span></pre> <pre class="tw-data-text tw-text-large XcVN5d tw-ta" dir="ltr" data-placeholder="Translation"><span lang="en">At the same time, on the basis of the author's many years of scientific research, there is an analysis of scientific work on agrotechnology of high-quality production of medium-fiber cotton varieties.</span></pre> <pre id="tw-target-text" class="tw-data-text tw-text-large XcVN5d tw-ta" dir="ltr" data-placeholder="Translation"><span lang="en">The monograph is intended for agricultural workers, agricultural higher education institutions and college teachers, students, researchers, senior researchers, masters, specialists, farmers and the general public.</span></pre> <pre id="tw-target-text" class="tw-data-text tw-text-large XcVN5d tw-ta" dir="ltr" data-placeholder="Translation"><span lang="en"><br><br></span></pre> JUMANOV D.T. Copyright (c) 2021 JUMANOV D.T. 2021-03-24 2021-03-24 Anatomy and physiology of endocrine system <p>The endocrine system – communication system in the body is a network of glands in the body that produce hormones, chemical substances released into the bloodstream to guide processes such as metabolism, growth, and sexual development. Hormones are also involved in regulating emotional life. They’re responsible for almost every cell, organ, and function in the body. If endocrine system isn't healthy, might have problems developing during puberty, getting pregnant or managing stress. Also might gain weight easily, have weak bones, or lack energy because too much sugar stays in the blood instead of moving into cells where it's needed for energy.</p> Khasanova Dilnoza Ahrorovna Shadieva Shodiya Shuxratovna Copyright (c) 2021 Khasanova Dilnoza Ahrorovna, Shadieva Shodiya Shuxratovna 2021-03-24 2021-03-24 Evaluating online Learning Challenges and Strategies <p>As we know, COVID-19 pandemic in Indonesia still has been running since early March 2020. At this time, it has raised more than one million confirmed cases and also gives huge effects to all fields including Education. In responding the situation, Indonesian Government through Minister of Education and Culture chose and announced to hold long distance learning at home as a temporal alternative way in order to prevent COVID-19 spreading through schools or colleges (an official letter of General Secretary of Minister of Education and Culture number 15 year 2020 about guidance of learning from home during the pandemic), so online learning is chosen as one of alternative ways during this pandemic</p> Pietra Dorand Aries Utomo Andy Rachman Sulistyowati March Angga Vehryza Wardhana Ahmad, S Alfi Laila, S Dr. Sri Sukasih Tera Noviantiningtyas Ripto Saputri Silvia Auliya Salsa Latifa Rahmasari Zaharah Ibnu Sina Dr. Hj. Ihsana El Khuluqo Ake Royke Calvin Langingi Grace I.V. Watung Julduz Ruland Paus Juliana Margareta Sumilat Hengki Mangiring Parulian Simarmata Dr. Widyatmike Gede Mulawarman Ike Susanti Rahmi Munfangati Nurlaili Bulan Natalinda Mukhamad Nurhadi Abdul Wahab Ainil Syafitr Junaedi Besse Arnawisuda Ningsi Irvana Arofah Muchammad Zaenal Muttaqin Wiwik Ariesta Mia Aina Uslan Shanti Kumbarasari Dyah Aminatun Mishbahuddin Copyright (c) 2021 Aries Utomo 2021-03-23 2021-03-23 DEVELOPMENT OF PATRIOTISM IN STUDENTS AND INCREASING PERSONAL RESPONSIBILITY <p>The monograph enriches the content of the subject "Preparedness before the call" in the higher educational programs of the republic with modern components, improves teaching methods and patriotism in them and patriotism in them and patriotism in them.</p> UZAKOV AKROM AVAZOVICH MANSUR KHURRAMOV Copyright (c) 2021 UZAKOV AKROM AVAZOVICH, MANSUR KHURRAMOV 2021-02-15 2021-02-15 RESEARCH ON CYBER PEDAGOGY IN THE COVID 19 <p>The Interior Design Department of Maranatha Christian University has successfully received funding from the Minister of Education and Culture and education to develop learning aids for Introduction and Development of Interior Materials. This course studies the characteristics of materials commonly used in interiors, so it is very important to use technology as a tool for delivery of material and props are delivered in various forms, both to be studied synchronously and asynchronously. Therefore, this program is developing a mobile Augmented Reality program to replace samples of physical materials as a learning aid in this course</p> Irena Vanessa Gunawan Erwin Ardianto Halim Intan Noviantari Manyoe Siti Suhartini S. Napu Muhamad Danial Suma Syahna Firdhaus Biya Ivan Taslim Aries Abbas Yuyun Yuniarsih Dr. Julduz Ruland Paus Dr. Juliana Margareta Sumilat Widyatmike Gede Mulawarman Dr. Suryaningsi.M.H Abdul Rahmat Mira Mirnawati Dr. Nurlaili, MP Permana Lestari Ahmad, S Ake Royke Calvin Langingi Novianty Djafri Syamsu Qomar Badu Dr. Siti Fadjarajani Ely Satiyasih Rosali Fuziawati, S Lisa Rakhmanina Dian Kusumaningrum Abditama Srifitriani Supriyono Dinda Shafira Rahma Yasmin Mintarsih Arbarini Froilan D. Mobo Wiwik Ariesta Uslan Handy Ferdiansyah Rasmita Dr. Sana Shahid Dr. Sana Shahid Dr. Mujeeb Ur Rehman Abro Zafar Ali Muhammad Ali Panhyar Copyright (c) 2021 Erwin Ardianto Halim, Irena Vanessa Gunawan 2021-01-31 2021-01-31 SCIENTIFIC BASIS OF CROP ROTATION <table width="99%"> <tbody> <tr> <td width="509"> <table width="99%"> <tbody> <tr> <td width="509"> <p>In this book, the history of the agricultural system and crop rotation, the importance of crop<br>rotation, the method of conducting scientific research on crop rotation, the mode of application in<br>production, as well as the prospects of crop rotation in agriculture of the Republic are mentioned.<br>The book is intended for a wide audience of agricultural specialists, teachers and students of<br>universities, institutes and colleges, as well as readers</p> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> B.M.KHALIKOV S.T.NEGMATOVA SH.E.AKHMEDOV R.A.NIZOMOV Dr. (Er.) Parimita Copyright (c) 2021 B.M.KHALIKOV, S.T.NEGMATOVA, SH.E.AKHMEDOV, R.A.NIZOMOV; Dr. (Er.) Parimita 2021-01-15 2021-01-15 Agriculture Developments- Initiatives and Practices <p>Soil health management is essential for ensuring optimum crop and ecological diversity. Fertilizers emerged as necessary evil for crop industry, particularly the synthetic fertilizers which tend to persist in the soil system, affecting both soil microbial flora and fauna, thus damaging the soil health. Soil health is affected by a broad range of soil functions, such as rhizodeposition, bulk and rhizospheric soil nutrient content, soil organic carbon, pH, moisture, soil enzyme activities, and many others. Fertilizers play a crucial role in crop quality parameters when applied in optimum quantity. The detrimental effect of synthetic fertilizers will initiate from their manufacturing process, during which some toxic gases like NH4, CO2, CH4 etc. get released. However, indiscriminate use of these synthetic fertilizers for a significantly longer duration in the same agricultural field can result in soil deterioration and soil degradation and simultaneously leads to loss of beneficial soil microbes as well. Therefore, for sustainable agricultural production without polluting the environment, integrated approach which consist of organic manures and biofertilizers need to be properly used. The synthetic fertilizers should be blended with organic fertilizers can provide the higher positive impact on microbial population and soil health. Hence, optimum soil health is very essential for maintaining sustainability of agricultural production and soil microbial biodiversity</p> Ismail Marzuki Hasim Copyright (c) 2021 Aadil Gulzar, Tajamul Islam, Ruquia Gulzar 2021-01-07 2021-01-07 Sustainable Developments in Agriculture and Plantation <p>Plant breeding is said to be one of the ancient and ongoing activities undertaken by mankind, who select plants and domesticated to quantify the production of yield and useful. The advent of civilizations paralleled the progress of plant breeding, although this has not been documented by the public. The reason may be lack of understanding of what plant breeding encompasses. With the course of time plant breeding was been formulated, but without losing the spirit of being art and science of manipulating plants for humans. This chapter discusses an over view about the concepts and the methods of plant breeding, No matter how big the pool of genetic information in recent years, the phenotype will continues to be important in the present and future</p> Dr. Taha Shabbir Dr. Sabir Ahmed Dr. Bashir Ahmed Kalwar Dr. Syed Shuja Uddin Abdul Shakoor Chandio Copyright (c) 2021 Junaid A. Magray, Tajamul Islam, Shabir A. Zargar1, Mansoor A. Malik 2021-01-07 2021-01-07 Art And Design <p>Culture is the whole system of ideas and feelings, actions, and works produced by humans in a social construct, which are made their own by learning. The word culture comes from the Sanskrit word "buddhayah”, the plural form of buddhi which means mind or intellect (Koentjaraningrat, 2005). J.J. Honingmann in his book The World of Man (1959) distinguishes the existence of three "cultural phenomena", namely ideas, activities, and artifacts. This is then confirmed by the opinion of Koentjaraningrat (2009) which states that there are three forms of culture, namely; (1) the form of culture as a complex of ideas, values, norms, rules and so on. (2) the form of culture as a complex of patterned activities and actions from humans in society. (3) the form of culture as objects created by humans. The first form is the ideal form of culture. It is abstract, cannot be touched or photographed, its location is in the head, or in other words, in the minds of the people in the community where the culture resides. The second form of culture is called a social system, regarding the patterned actions of humans themselves. This social system consists of human activities that interact, relate and associate with each other in every second, day and year, accordingly to certain patterns based on customary behavior. The third form of culture is called physical culture, taking the form of all physical products and activities, actions and works of all humans in society. They are most concrete in nature and are in the form of objects or things that can be made, seen, and photographed.</p> Atridia Wilastrina Ariani Kelvin Febrian Ariesa Pandanwangi Arleti M. Apin Atridia Wilastrina Ariani Dieta Maulia Rizkiana Cama Juli Rianingrum Dewi Isma Aryani Nuning Yanti Damayanti Nurul Primayanti Fontika Salsabila Monica Hartanti Berti Alia Bahaduri Irena V Gunawan Karna Mustaqim Nurfitrianah Octavianingrum Raharjo Putri Copyright (c) 2020 Ariani, Atridia Wilastrina, Kelvin Febrian, Ariesa Pandanwangi, Arleti M. Apin, Atridia Wilastrina, Ariani, Dieta Maulia Rizkiana, Cama Juli Rianingrum, Dewi Isma Aryani, Nuning Yanti Damayanti, Nurul Primayanti 2020-12-31 2020-12-31 DEVELOPMENT OF INTELLECTUAL POWER OF STUDENTS ON THE BASIS OF LITERARY CONTINUOUS EDUCATION (ON THE EXAMPLE OF V-IX GRADES) <p>This monograph is intended for teachers of secondary schools, students of higher education institutions in the field of Uzbek philology, Uzbek language and literature as a solution to some problems related to the content of the subject of teaching methods of literature, as well as serves to a certain extent to achieve a positive result in explaining the essence of science to students.</p> FAYZULLAEVA GULCHEKHRA SHARIPBOEVNA Sapa Matchanov Roza Niyozmetova Kunduzkhon Khusanbaeva Copyright (c) 2020 FAYZULLAEVA GULCHEKHRA SHARIPBOEVNA; Sapa Matchanov, Roza Niyozmetova, Kunduzkhon Khusanbaeva 2020-12-23 2020-12-23 Impact of Climate Change on Human Health in Developing Countries <p>The causes of climate patchy rope in heat up temperature, change in precipitation, degree of utmost conditions occasions like melting of glaciers, polar ice-caps, mount in sea levels, etc. These impacts eventually fall our income by touching the rations we eat, the water we drink, the air we breathe and the earth somewhere we live. Frequent impacts caused fitting to excessive exposure of heat waves such as round stroke, dehydration, cardiovascular, respiratory and neural comborbidities. Climate conversion alters the ecology of vectors and these vectors are capable of have in stock causal agents such as viruses, bacteria and protozoa from animals to humans. Malaria, tick-borne encephalitis, fair fever, plague, and dengue obtain lengthened their geographical ranges as their carriers migrated to privileged latitudes. Droughts canister take part in adverse property on being health, as they over and over again suggest itself in mishmash with other sit out conditions, such as warm waves, wildfires and dust storms. Reduced water quantity may cause decreased water flow during periods of drought, encouraging the development of pathogens which prefer dry, stagnant environments. Altering climatic situation know how to be attributed to mounting international temperatures, spread in the dimensions of ambient fill up fumes and changes in the announce motion as mutual together. Extreme season and climate-related actions are famous to set off fundamental infrastructure failures, lucrative harm and relocation of communities, ensuing in a quantity of health problems.</p> Susy Sriwahyuni Pesona Dessritina Yarmaliza Zakiyuddin Dian Fera Darmawan ELISABETH SURBAKTI Novi Lasmadasari Mohammad Hakimi Titih Huriah Muhammad IsmanJusuf Hj. Indirawaty Rahman.A Kurnia Rahma Syarif Ns. Finni Fitria Tumiwa Dewi Farah Diba Dr. Taha Shabbir Umair Ansari Muhammad Imran Hafeez Abbasi Rasool Bux Chandio Saeed Memon Copyright (c) 2020 Aadil Gulzar, Tajamul Islam, Ruquia Gulzar, Tabasum Hassan 2020-12-23 2020-12-23 WASTE MANAGEMENT AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT INITIATIVES <p>The River Yamuna, in Delhi has degraded and polluted because of occurrence of increasing anthropogenic activities which majorly includes interference of excess amount of domestic wastewater. Delhi itself is known to be a major polluter as it discharges 79% of total pollutants in river. It is a major challenge in front of environmentalists to restore its water quality. A pilot study in summer season during May 2017-June 2017 was performed to analyze the present quality of water of river Yamuna in which number of pollutants were anlaysed which includes dissolve oxygen (DO), biochemical oxygen demand (BOD), chemical oxygen demand (COD) etc. Samples were taken from three various stretch of river Yamuna in Delhi. This chapter deals with the brief description of the performed study.</p> Pallavi Bhardwaj Ashutosh Tripathi Manju Rawat Ranjan Pallavi Bhardwaj Copyright (c) 2020 Pallavi Bhardwaj 2020-12-05 2020-12-05 EDUCATION OF PRIMARY SCHOOL STUDENTS IN THE SPIRITUAL PROCESS IN THE SPIRIT OF ECOLOGICAL VALUES <p>This monograph is devoted to the problem of educating primary school students in the spirit of ecological values.The monograph is intended for researchers, teachers and students of general secondary and secondary special educational institutions, who are engaged in educating the younger generation in the spirit of our ecological national values in the system of continuous education.</p> S.Usmonov Nare M. Nuritdinova RAHIMKULOVA MAKHBUBA G. Fayzullaeva Copyright (c) 2020 S.Usmonov, M. Nuritdinova 2020-11-27 2020-11-27 LEVELS OF HADITH NARRATORS <p>This book gives a brief account of the lives of the hadith narrators and hadith scholars whose names are mentioned in nine reliable collections of hadith called "Sihahi tis'a". This information is one of the valuable and necessary knowledge that anyone engaged in the science of hadith should know. The book "Levels of Hadith Narrators" consists of four volumes, and this book in your hands is the first part of the work.</p> Ubaydullah Uvatov Doniyor Muratov Sherzodjon Umaraliev Davronbek Maxsudov Durbek Rahimjonov Copyright (c) 2020 Ubaydullah Uvatov; Doniyor Muratov; Sherzodjon Umaraliev, Davronbek Maxsudov, Durbek Rahimjonov 2020-11-27 2020-11-27 A SERIES OF THOUGHTS ON FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT <p>A SERIES OF THOUGHTS ON FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT</p> Salmiah Nurul Nadhilah Nani Sutarni M. Arief Ramdhany Achmad Hufad Badawi Agus Pariono Andi Yusuf Katili Mohammad Imran Tanti Kustiari Anita Yuliana Dhanang Eka Putra Fariz Zharfan Prof. Dr. Abdul Rahmat Mr. Prasad Muley Copyright (c) 2020 Salmiah, Nurul Nadhilah, Nani Sutarni, M. Arief Ramdhany, Achmad Hufad, Badawi, Agus Pariono, Yusuf Katili, Mohammad Imran, Tanti Kustiari, Anita Yuliana, Dhanang Eka Putra, Fariz Zharfan 2020-11-06 2020-11-06 INSIGHTS OF LAWS AND GOVERNANCE IN ASIAN COUNTRIES <p>Insights of Laws and Governance in Asian Countries is a book presenting interpretation of laws in different countries in Asia. This book will present the case studies, the research in law and governence field.</p> Suryaningsi HARI SAPTO ADJI Endang Sutrisno MC Inge Hartini Taty Sugiarti Helmy Fauzan Ifklal Karyoto Nurbaedah Wawan Herry Setyawan Joko Sriwidodo Prof. Dr. Asna Aneta Abdul Wahab Podungge Bishal Deb Shah Mohammad Omer Faruqe Jubaer Shah Mohammad Omer Faruqe Jubaer Copyright (c) 2020 Suryaningsi, HARI SAPTO ADJI, Endang Sutrisno, MC Inge Hartini, Taty Sugiarti, Helmy Fauzan Ifklal, Karyoto, Nurbaedah, Wawan Herry Setyawan, Joko Sriwidodo 2020-11-04 2020-11-04 Variety of Learning Resolutions in the Covid 19 <p>Variety of Learning Resolutions in the Covid 19 is a book presenting the various teaching learning methods implemented by the educators in different countries.&nbsp;</p> Hari Ronaldo Tanjung Rika Endah Nurhidayah Sake Juli Martina Seriwati Ginting Miki Tjandra Hendra Setiawan Musdalifah Musdalifah Elihami Elihami Hasan Hasan Ilham Assidiq Umiyati Jabri Handayani Sura Fitriyanti Sulaiman Rusmin Husain Henny Suharyati Rais Hidayat Agung Suryadinata Nani Sutarni Dini Handayani Achmad Hufad Sunardi Endang Rochyadi Muhammad Iqbal Fasa Iriyani K SKM M.GIZI Ismaniar Nur Hazizah Ariesa Pandanwangi Alfi Laila Baharudin Titi Chandrawati Rosida Tiurma Manurung Dr. Fahrina Yustiasari Liriwati Sri Harini La Ode Sahara Pravin R.Choube Choube Prof. Dr. Abdul Rahmat Syuraini Syuraini Silviana Silviana Ilpi Zukdi Sutirna Rina Marlina Kamal Prihandani Wahyu Edy Setiawan Luluk Tri Harinie Syahril Uhing Sutarman Jorge Muñoz Mederos Elizabeth Acosta Gonzaga Aldo Ramirez Arellano Elena Fabiola Ruiz Ledesma Elena Fabiola Ruiz Ledesma Elizabeth Acosta Gonzaga Lorena Chavarría Báez Dr. Froilan D. Mobo Abdul Rahmat Dr. Taha Shabbir Dr. Muhammad Latif Dr. Rukhsana Dr. Shagufta Jahangir Dr. Shazia Sharafat Copyright (c) 2020 Rika Endah Nurhidayah, Hari Ronaldo Tanjung, Sake Juli Martina, Seriwati Ginting, Miki Tjandra, Hendra Setiawan, Musdalifah Musdalifah, Elihami Elihami, Hasan Hasan, Ilham Assidiq, Umiyati Jabri, Handayani Sura, Fitriyanti Sulaiman, Rusmin Husain, Henny Suharyati, Rais Hidayat, Agung Suryadinata, Nani Sutarni, Dini Handayani, Achmad Hufad, Sunardi, Endang Rochyadi, Muhammad Iqbal Fasa, Iriyani K, SKM, M.GIZI, Ismaniar, Nur Hazizah, Ariesa Pandanwangi, Nani Sutarni, M. Arief Ramdhany, Achmad Hufad, Badawi, Alfi Laila, Baharudin, Titi Chandrawati, Dr. Fahrina Yustiasari Liriwati; Pravin R.Choube, Prof. Dr. Abdul Rahmat 2020-11-03 2020-11-03 Philosophy <p>This textbook “Philosophy” corresponds to the first part of the standard philosophical program (Tashkent, 2017), and was developed on the basis of the lectures of “Philosophy”, which many years I teach at the State conservatory of Uzbekistan. This is one of the first attempts to write the special textbook for State conservatory of Uzbekistan and even more – for all the Higher Educational Institutes of the culture and art of our country. It is connected with the specifics mentality (thinking) students whose future profession will be associated with art in general and musical art particularly. That is why this textbook will help students of the Higher Educational Institutes of culture and art to acquire such difficult, immemorial and excellent science as philosophy.</p> <p>For teachers, students of the Higher Educational Institutes of culture and art, and everybody who is interested in history and theory of West and East Philosophy.</p> <p><strong>E-Book ISBN:</strong> 978-93-87901-10-0</p> <p><strong>Hard Copy ISBN:</strong> 978-93-87901-11-7</p> TATIANA SALIKHOVNA RASULOVA Copyright (c) 2020 TATIANA SALIKHOVNA RASULOVA 2020-10-24 2020-10-24 ELECTRICITY PRICING IN RESTRUCTURED ELECTRICAL POWER SECTOR <p>This book present a method for allocating embedded cost of transmission to its consumers through transaction under deregulated environment of power system. There are many methods to calculate the embedded cost in different way and procedures. In this book there are comparison between those methods and try to find the fairest among them.</p> <p><strong>Soft Copy ISBN:</strong>&nbsp;“978-93-87901-12-4”</p> Abhas Kumar Singh Dr. Y R SOOD Dr. R K JARIAL Copyright (c) 2020 Novateur Publication 2020-10-20 2020-10-20 MUNG BEAN <p>This monograph provides information on the biological and morphological features of mung bean, their history and current status, importance in the national economy, their role in increasing soil fertility, their role in crop rotation, classification of varieties of mung bean grown in the country, its diseases and pests and control measures.<br />This monograph is based on the data of modern science and experiments on mung beanes in the country, as well as abroad, as well as the results of research and observation conducted by the authors in scientific research.<br />The monograph is intended for agricultural specialists, students studying in this field, independent researchers, farm managers and the general public.</p> B.M.KHALIKOV S.T.NEGMATOVA F.B.NAMOZOV SH.E.AKHMEDOV Dr.(Er) Parimita Copyright (c) 2020 Novateur Publication 2020-10-18 2020-10-18 Initiative of Thoughts from Indonesia to the World of the Covid 19 Era <p>Initiative of Thoughts from Indonesia to the World of the Covid 19 era is presenting how education and teaching-learning practices are to be modified to overcome the situations like pandemic. This book is published in e-book and hard copy format with ISBN number form India obtained by Novateur Publication, India.</p> <p><strong>Hard Copy ISBN:&nbsp;</strong>“978-93-87901-08-7”</p> <p><strong>Soft Copy ISBN:</strong>&nbsp;“978-93-87901-09-4”</p> Hari Sapto Adji Elihami Elihami Infa Minggawati Lukas Holla Franciska Frid Augustinus Somariah Fitriani Bunyamin Dr. Suryaningsi, M.H. Dr. Marto Silalahi, M.Si. Ramlani Lina Sinaulan Yuhelson Rika Endah Nurhidayah Hasmela Revi Lusy Tunik Muharlisiani Citrawati Jatiningrum Endang Noerhartati Nunuk Hariyati Erny Roesminingsih Ismaniar Meylan Saleh Novian Swasono Hadi Endah Yulianingsih Endang Sutrisno Taty Sugiarti Raisa Desti Ardyanti Indirawaty Nelly Sulistiani Rahman Kurnia Rahma Syarif Wa Ode Sifatu Widyatmike Gede Mulawarman Dilla Tarasyabani Poetri Okke Rosmaladewi Dr. Nany Suryawati Robetmi Jumpakita Pinem Netty Nurdiyani Mohammad Imran Faisal Mustaking Dr. Rusi Rusmiati Aliyyah Oris Krianto Sulaiman Dr. Kuswarini Sulandjari ni Dr. Iwan Setiawan Marni Br Karo Sulistyani Eka Lestari Wawan Herry Setyawan Abdul Rahmat Yones Eni Luawo Trisusanti Lamangida Apris Ara Tilome Widya Kurniati Mohi Siti Fadjarajani Ely Satiyasih Rosali Eva Nurhayati Dimas Sihab Samsiar Rivai Setia Rini Yusuf Copyright (c) 2020 Novateur Publication 2020-10-18 2020-10-18